Abstract

Neurobiology is the study and functional organization of the cells that make up the nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) begins as a simple neural plate that folds to form a groove and then a tube. Then stem cells within the neural tube are directed toward glia and neurons under the influence of various neural developing signaling processes. It is these cells including, but not limited to, neurons, microglia, astrocytes, endothelial cells, their communication and circuitry, one with the other, that lead to our abilities to sense and respond to the environment, think, ambulate, and behave. Neurobiology is at the very interface of biology and neuroscience but is significantly different from each of the fields. Biology is that of all building blocks of cell organization and function regardless of tissue origin. It is broad and without limits. Neuroscience is by its very integration includes works in computation and cognition that are linked to the clinical disciplines of psychiatry and neurology. Each alone or together relate to cell and system analyses and disease. Nonetheless, the disciplines of neuroscience and biology overlap to generate the field of neurobiology. Here there is a central focus on the cell and its functional outcomes. This chapter seeks to describe the discipline of neurobiology starting from the cell and its function to system organization to function. Such processes underlie both nerve cell communication and function as well as the role glial cells can affect the process overall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroimmune Pharmacology
PublisherSpringer US
Pages171-182
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9780387725727
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

Neurobiology
Neurosciences
Neurons
Cell Communication
Neuroglia
Neural Plate
Neural Tube
Aptitude
Neural Crest
Microglia
Neurology
Systems Analysis
Astrocytes
Cognition
Nervous System
Psychiatry
Stem Cells
Central Nervous System
Endothelial Cells

Keywords

  • Active zone
  • Central nervous system
  • Dendrites
  • Dendritic spine
  • Neuron
  • Neurotransmitter
  • Peripheral nervous system
  • Postsynaptic density
  • Synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Ikezu, T., & Gendelman, H. E. (2008). Neurobiology and neural systems. In Neuroimmune Pharmacology (pp. 171-182). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14

Neurobiology and neural systems. / Ikezu, Tsuneya; Gendelman, Howard Eliot.

Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US, 2008. p. 171-182.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ikezu, T & Gendelman, HE 2008, Neurobiology and neural systems. in Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US, pp. 171-182. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14
Ikezu T, Gendelman HE. Neurobiology and neural systems. In Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US. 2008. p. 171-182 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14
Ikezu, Tsuneya ; Gendelman, Howard Eliot. / Neurobiology and neural systems. Neuroimmune Pharmacology. Springer US, 2008. pp. 171-182
@inbook{20e44f36e3e0430d9c040367709bc525,
title = "Neurobiology and neural systems",
abstract = "Neurobiology is the study and functional organization of the cells that make up the nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) begins as a simple neural plate that folds to form a groove and then a tube. Then stem cells within the neural tube are directed toward glia and neurons under the influence of various neural developing signaling processes. It is these cells including, but not limited to, neurons, microglia, astrocytes, endothelial cells, their communication and circuitry, one with the other, that lead to our abilities to sense and respond to the environment, think, ambulate, and behave. Neurobiology is at the very interface of biology and neuroscience but is significantly different from each of the fields. Biology is that of all building blocks of cell organization and function regardless of tissue origin. It is broad and without limits. Neuroscience is by its very integration includes works in computation and cognition that are linked to the clinical disciplines of psychiatry and neurology. Each alone or together relate to cell and system analyses and disease. Nonetheless, the disciplines of neuroscience and biology overlap to generate the field of neurobiology. Here there is a central focus on the cell and its functional outcomes. This chapter seeks to describe the discipline of neurobiology starting from the cell and its function to system organization to function. Such processes underlie both nerve cell communication and function as well as the role glial cells can affect the process overall.",
keywords = "Active zone, Central nervous system, Dendrites, Dendritic spine, Neuron, Neurotransmitter, Peripheral nervous system, Postsynaptic density, Synapse",
author = "Tsuneya Ikezu and Gendelman, {Howard Eliot}",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780387725727",
pages = "171--182",
booktitle = "Neuroimmune Pharmacology",
publisher = "Springer US",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Neurobiology and neural systems

AU - Ikezu, Tsuneya

AU - Gendelman, Howard Eliot

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Neurobiology is the study and functional organization of the cells that make up the nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) begins as a simple neural plate that folds to form a groove and then a tube. Then stem cells within the neural tube are directed toward glia and neurons under the influence of various neural developing signaling processes. It is these cells including, but not limited to, neurons, microglia, astrocytes, endothelial cells, their communication and circuitry, one with the other, that lead to our abilities to sense and respond to the environment, think, ambulate, and behave. Neurobiology is at the very interface of biology and neuroscience but is significantly different from each of the fields. Biology is that of all building blocks of cell organization and function regardless of tissue origin. It is broad and without limits. Neuroscience is by its very integration includes works in computation and cognition that are linked to the clinical disciplines of psychiatry and neurology. Each alone or together relate to cell and system analyses and disease. Nonetheless, the disciplines of neuroscience and biology overlap to generate the field of neurobiology. Here there is a central focus on the cell and its functional outcomes. This chapter seeks to describe the discipline of neurobiology starting from the cell and its function to system organization to function. Such processes underlie both nerve cell communication and function as well as the role glial cells can affect the process overall.

AB - Neurobiology is the study and functional organization of the cells that make up the nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) begins as a simple neural plate that folds to form a groove and then a tube. Then stem cells within the neural tube are directed toward glia and neurons under the influence of various neural developing signaling processes. It is these cells including, but not limited to, neurons, microglia, astrocytes, endothelial cells, their communication and circuitry, one with the other, that lead to our abilities to sense and respond to the environment, think, ambulate, and behave. Neurobiology is at the very interface of biology and neuroscience but is significantly different from each of the fields. Biology is that of all building blocks of cell organization and function regardless of tissue origin. It is broad and without limits. Neuroscience is by its very integration includes works in computation and cognition that are linked to the clinical disciplines of psychiatry and neurology. Each alone or together relate to cell and system analyses and disease. Nonetheless, the disciplines of neuroscience and biology overlap to generate the field of neurobiology. Here there is a central focus on the cell and its functional outcomes. This chapter seeks to describe the discipline of neurobiology starting from the cell and its function to system organization to function. Such processes underlie both nerve cell communication and function as well as the role glial cells can affect the process overall.

KW - Active zone

KW - Central nervous system

KW - Dendrites

KW - Dendritic spine

KW - Neuron

KW - Neurotransmitter

KW - Peripheral nervous system

KW - Postsynaptic density

KW - Synapse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84900047779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84900047779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14

DO - 10.1007/978-0-387-72573-4_14

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84900047779

SN - 9780387725727

SP - 171

EP - 182

BT - Neuroimmune Pharmacology

PB - Springer US

ER -