Neural network prediction of short-term motions of mobile objects in noisy environments

Ahmed Y. Tawfik, Qiuming Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The prediction of the trajectory of mobile objects is important in many robotics applications like robot motion planning and collision avoidance. In most cases, the measurements, on which predictions are based, are subject to noise and errors. This paper presents a neural network based approach for the prediction of short-term motions of mobile objects. We studied the effect of white additive noise and Gaussian noise on the prediction accuracy. An adaptive continued learning strategy is used to reduce the prediction error and accurately track the mobile objects. An empirical study was conducted to determine the architectural features of the network (number of layers and number of neurons in each layer) and the learning parameters (learning rate, momentum factor and convergence criterion) that minimize the mean squared prediction error giving an acceptable time response. The mean squared error, and the average time performance of the network (number of learning steps before convergence) are used as performance criteria. The network results are compared with those obtained from a linear regression algorithm. The neural network outperformed the linear regression in accurately predicting swiftly changing motion patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume1965
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 1993
EventApplications of Artificial Neural Networks IV 1993 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Apr 11 1993Apr 16 1993

Fingerprint

Neural Networks
Neural networks
learning
Motion
Prediction
Prediction Error
predictions
Linear regression
Mean Squared Error
Parameter Learning
Convergence Criteria
Learning Rate
Learning Strategies
Collision Avoidance
regression analysis
Motion Planning
Additive Noise
Gaussian Noise
Time-average
robot dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Neural network prediction of short-term motions of mobile objects in noisy environments. / Tawfik, Ahmed Y.; Zhu, Qiuming.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 1965, 02.09.1993, p. 183-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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