Net K+ secretion in the thick ascending limb of mice on a low-Na, high-K diet

Bangchen Wang, Donghai Wen, Huaqing Li, Jun Wang-France, Steven Claude Sansom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of its cardio-protective effects, a low-Na, high-K diet (LNaHK) is often warranted in conjunction with diuretics to treat hypertensive patients. However, it is necessary to understand the renal handling of such diets in order to choose the best diuretic. Wild-type (WT) or Renal Outer Medullary K channel (ROMK) knockout mice (KO) were given a regular (CTRL), LNaHK, or high-K diet (HK) for 4-7 days. On LNaHK, mice treated with either IP furosemide for 12 hrs, or given furosemide in drinking water for 7 days, exhibited decreased K clearance. We used free-flow micropuncture to measure the [K+] in the early distal tubule (EDT [K+]) before and after furosemide treatment. Furosemide increased the EDT [K+] in WT on CTRL but decreased that in WT on LNaHK. Furosemide did not affect the EDT [K+] of KO on LNaHK or WT on HK. Furosemide-sensitive Na+ excretion was significantly greater in mice on LNaHK than those on CTRL or HK. Patch clamp analysis of split-open TALs revealed that 70-pS ROMK exhibited a higher open probability (Po) but similar density in mice on LNaHK, compared with CTRL. No difference was found in the density or Po of the 30 pS K channels between the two groups. These results indicate mice on LNaHK exhibited furosemide-sensitive net K+ secretion in the TAL that is dependent on increased NKCC2 activity and mediated by ROMK. We conclude that furosemide is a K-sparing diuretic by decreasing the TAL net K+ secretion in subjects on LNaHK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalKidney International
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Extremities
Diet
Furosemide
Diuretics
Kidney
Knockout Mice
Punctures
Drinking Water

Keywords

  • Furosemide
  • K secretion
  • NKCC2
  • ROMK
  • Thick ascending limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nephrology

Cite this

Net K+ secretion in the thick ascending limb of mice on a low-Na, high-K diet. / Wang, Bangchen; Wen, Donghai; Li, Huaqing; Wang-France, Jun; Sansom, Steven Claude.

In: Kidney International, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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