Negative mood regulation mediates the relationship between distraction and engagement in pleasurable activities among college smokers

Lee M. Cohen, Dennis E McChargue, Holly E R Morrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Smoking for negative mood alleviation is a strong predictor of early smoking and early dependence among undergraduates. Little is known about whether adaptive cognitive coping processes (e.g., distraction) may help decrease the likelihood of student smoking for negative mood regulation. The present study tested the hypothesis that distraction would predict (a) greater engagement in adaptive pleasant pastimes and (b) lower rates of smoking behavior among undergraduates (n = 162, 41.9% female). We further assessed whether negative mood regulation expectations would explain both relationships. Results indicated that negative mood regulation fully mediated the relationship between distraction and engagement in pleasurable activities among college smokers. Although the relationships among distraction, negative mood regulation, and cigarette consumption were not significant, they were in the expected direction (negative). Results from the present study point to the importance of prevention efforts focused on enhancing cognitive coping skills in college smokers. Such a focus may lead to more frequent adaptive cognitive coping during negative mood states, presumably instead of smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1969-1979
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Cigarette smoking
  • College students
  • Depression
  • Distraction
  • Negative mood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this