Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants

Trevor Romsdahl, Asghar Shirani, Robert E. Minto, Chunyu Zhang, Edgar B. Cahoon, Kent D. Chapman, Diana Berman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Design of environmentally friendly lubricants derived from renewable resources is highly desirable for many practical applications. Here, Orychophragmus violaceus (Ov) seed oil is found to have superior lubrication properties, and this is based on the unusual structural features of the major lipid species—triacylglycerol (TAG) estolides. Ov TAG estolides contain two non-hydroxylated, glycerol-bound fatty acids (FAs) and one dihydroxylated FA with an estolide branch. Estolide branch chains vary in composition and length, leading to their thermal stability and functional properties. Using this concept, nature-guided estolides of castor oil were synthesized. As predicted, they showed improved lubrication properties similar to Ov seed oil. Our results demonstrate a structure-based design of novel lubricants inspired by natural materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11711
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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Oilseeds
Lubrication
Lubricants
Fatty Acids
Castor Oil
Glycerol
Thermodynamic stability
Lipids
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Romsdahl, T., Shirani, A., Minto, R. E., Zhang, C., Cahoon, E. B., Chapman, K. D., & Berman, D. (2019). Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants. Scientific reports, 9(1), [11711]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48165-6

Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants. / Romsdahl, Trevor; Shirani, Asghar; Minto, Robert E.; Zhang, Chunyu; Cahoon, Edgar B.; Chapman, Kent D.; Berman, Diana.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 11711, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Romsdahl, T, Shirani, A, Minto, RE, Zhang, C, Cahoon, EB, Chapman, KD & Berman, D 2019, 'Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants', Scientific reports, vol. 9, no. 1, 11711. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48165-6
Romsdahl T, Shirani A, Minto RE, Zhang C, Cahoon EB, Chapman KD et al. Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants. Scientific reports. 2019 Dec 1;9(1). 11711. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48165-6
Romsdahl, Trevor ; Shirani, Asghar ; Minto, Robert E. ; Zhang, Chunyu ; Cahoon, Edgar B. ; Chapman, Kent D. ; Berman, Diana. / Nature-Guided Synthesis of Advanced Bio-Lubricants. In: Scientific reports. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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