Natural cellulose fibers from soybean straw

Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the development of natural cellulose technical fibers from soybean straw with properties similar to the natural cellulose fibers in current use. About 220 million tons of soybean straw available in the world every year could complement the byproducts of other major food crops as inexpensive, abundant and annually renewable sources for natural cellulose fibers. Using the agricultural byproducts as sources for fibers could help to address the concerns on the future price and availability of both the natural and synthetic fibers in current use and also help to add value to the food crops. A simple alkaline extraction was used to obtain technical fibers from soybean straw and the composition, structure and properties of the fibers was studied. Technical fibers obtained from soybean straw have high cellulose content (85%) but low% crystallinity (47%). The technical fibers have breaking tenacity (2.7 g/den) and breaking elongation (3.9%) higher than those of fibers obtained from wheat straw and sorghum stalk and leaves but lower than that of cotton. Overall, the structure and properties of the technical fibers obtained from soybean straw indicates that the fibers could be suitable for use in textile, composite and other industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3593-3598
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume100
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Fingerprint

Straw
Cellulose
straw
soybean
cellulose
Fibers
Crops
Byproducts
fibre
Tenacity
Natural fibers
Synthetic fibers
crop
food
crystallinity
sorghum
Cotton
den
Industrial applications
Elongation

Keywords

  • Biofiber
  • Biomass
  • Cellulose
  • Properties
  • Soybean straw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Natural cellulose fibers from soybean straw. / Reddy, Narendra; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 100, No. 14, 01.07.2009, p. 3593-3598.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reddy, Narendra ; Yang, Yiqi. / Natural cellulose fibers from soybean straw. In: Bioresource Technology. 2009 ; Vol. 100, No. 14. pp. 3593-3598.
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