Native human TATA-binding protein simultaneously binds and bends promoter DNA without a slow isomerization step or TFIIB requirement

Kristina M. Masters, Kay M. Parkhurst, Margaret A. Daugherty, Lawrence J Parkhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


The association of TATA-binding protein (TBP) with promoter DNA is central to the initiation and regulation of eukaryotic protein synthesis. Our laboratory has previously conducted detailed investigations of this interaction using yeast TBP and seven consensus and variant TATA sequences. We have now investigated this key interaction using human TBP and the TATA sequence from the adenovirus major late promoter (AdMLP). Recombinant native human protein was used together with fluorescently labeled DNA, allowing real time data acquisition in solution. We find that the wild-type hTBP-DNAAdMLP reaction is characterized by high affinity (Kd = 5 nM), simultaneous binding and DNA bending, and rapid formation of a stable human TBP-DNA complex having DNA bent ∼100°. These data allow, for the first time, a direct comparison of the reactions of the full-length, native human and yeast TBPs with a consensus promoter, studied under identical conditions. The general reaction characteristics are similar for the human and yeast proteins, although the details differ and the hTBPwt-induced bend is more severe. This directly measured hTBPwt-DNAAdMLP interaction differs fundamentally from a recently published hTBPwt-DNAAdMLP model characterized by low affinity (μM) binding and an unstable complex requiring either a 30-min isomerization or TFIIB to achieve DNA bending. Possible sources of these significant differences are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31685-31690
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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