Multiple subpial cortical transection (MST) for the treatment of extensive seizure foci

Arun-Angelo Patil, R. Andrews, R. Torkelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple subpial transection (MST) was used to treat 7 patients who had intractable epilepsy with extensive seizure foci involving more than one lobe and both hemispheres, and who have had a follow-up of at least 2 years. The longest follow-up is 61 months, with a median of 43 months. Preoperative investigations included magnetic resonance scans, positron emission tomography scans, single photon emission computed tomography scans, and video-EEG monitoring with scalp and subdural electrodes. Two patients' seizure foci were in both hemispheres, and 5 patients' foci were in 2 lobes of 1 hemisphere. The motor cortex was involved in 5 patients and the speech areas in 1 patient. MST at an interval of 4 mm was performed over all areas that showed seizure foci. Two patients are free of seizures, 1 patient is free of seizures involving the operated hemisphere, 1 has rare seizures, 1 has >90% reduction in seizure frequency, 1 has >70% reduction in seizure frequency, and 1 did not respond to MST. MST alone was able to control seizures to varying degrees, without producing a permanent deficit, in 84% of patients with intractable seizures originating from large areas of the cortex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-202
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Epilepsy
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

Seizures
Therapeutics
Motor Cortex
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Scalp
Positron-Emission Tomography
Electroencephalography
Electrodes
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Extratemporal epilepsy
  • Multiple subpial transection
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Multiple subpial cortical transection (MST) for the treatment of extensive seizure foci. / Patil, Arun-Angelo; Andrews, R.; Torkelson, R.

In: Journal of Epilepsy, Vol. 10, No. 4, 01.01.1997, p. 198-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patil, Arun-Angelo ; Andrews, R. ; Torkelson, R. / Multiple subpial cortical transection (MST) for the treatment of extensive seizure foci. In: Journal of Epilepsy. 1997 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 198-202.
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