Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina women

Rebecca E. Lee, Scherezade K. Mama, Ashley V. Medina, Jacqueline Y. Reese-Smith, Jorge A. Banda, Charles S. Layne, Meggin Baxter, Daniel P. O'Connor, Lorna McNeill, Paul A. Estabrooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compared measures of physical activity and dietary habits used in the Health Is Power (HIP) study, and described the associations of physical activity and dietary habits among African American and Hispanic or Latino women, adjusted for weight status. Cross-sectional baseline data were compared for community dwelling, healthy African American (N = 262) and Hispanic or Latina women (N = 148) who participated in HIP. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long form, the Check And Line Questionnaire (CALQ) log and accelerometry. Dietary habits were measured using NCI 24-h recall screeners, vegetable and fruit (VF) logs and the NCI Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ). Differences in physical activity and dietary habits were assessed using simultaneous 2 (ethnicity) × 3 (weight status) ANCOVAs adjusted for age and socioeconomic status. Women (M age = 44.4 ± 10.9 years) were obese (M = 34.0 ± 9.7 kg/m2), did not meet physical activity guidelines as measured by accelerometry (M = 19.4 ± 19.1 min MVPA/day) and ate few VF (M = 2.8 ± 2.7 servings/day). DHQ variables differed by weight status. IPAQ was associated with CALQ, and CALQ with accelerometry (P < .05). IPAQ was not associated with accelerometry. Regardless of ethnicity, normal weight women did more physical activity, reported more VF consumption, and consumed more fat calories than overweight and obese women (Ps < .05). African American women did more MVPA than Hispanic or Latino women (P < .001). Relationships between behaviors and weight status suggest accelerometry and DHQ are preferable, regardless of ethnicity; and studies may capture different domains of physical activity and dietary habits depending on measure used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1011-1023
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
habits
Accelerometry
Exercise
Weights and Measures
questionnaire
vegetables
Vegetables
Fruit
ethnicity
Diet
history
American
Independent Living
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
health
Social Class

Keywords

  • Minority health
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina women. / Lee, Rebecca E.; Mama, Scherezade K.; Medina, Ashley V.; Reese-Smith, Jacqueline Y.; Banda, Jorge A.; Layne, Charles S.; Baxter, Meggin; O'Connor, Daniel P.; McNeill, Lorna; Estabrooks, Paul A.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 36, No. 6, 01.12.2011, p. 1011-1023.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, RE, Mama, SK, Medina, AV, Reese-Smith, JY, Banda, JA, Layne, CS, Baxter, M, O'Connor, DP, McNeill, L & Estabrooks, PA 2011, 'Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina women', Journal of Community Health, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1011-1023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-011-9403-5
Lee, Rebecca E. ; Mama, Scherezade K. ; Medina, Ashley V. ; Reese-Smith, Jacqueline Y. ; Banda, Jorge A. ; Layne, Charles S. ; Baxter, Meggin ; O'Connor, Daniel P. ; McNeill, Lorna ; Estabrooks, Paul A. / Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina women. In: Journal of Community Health. 2011 ; Vol. 36, No. 6. pp. 1011-1023.
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