Mucin biosynthesis enzymic properties of human-tracheal epithelial GDP-l-fucose:β-d-galactoside α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase

Pi-Wan Cheng, Arthur DeVries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The human-tracheal, epithelial α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase that transfers l-fucose from GDP-l-fucose to an acceptor containing a β-d-galactopyranosyl group at the nonreducing terminal was characterized. Optimal enzyme activity was obtained at pH 6.5. 20-30mm MnCl 2 (or CaCl 2 , and 0.05% Triton X-100 or 0.5% Tween 20. Mg 2+ and Ba 2+ ions moderately enhanced the enzyme activity, whereas Fe 2+ , Co 2+ , Zn 2+ , and Cd 2+ ions were inhibitory. The enzyme activity was inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide and nucleotides of guanine, inosine, xanthine, and uridine. However, ATP and dithiothreitol did not affect the enzyme activity. The apparent Michaelis constant for GDP-l-fucose, freezing point-depressing glycoproteins (expressed as Gal→GalNAc→Thr), and phenyl β-d-galactopyranoside was 0.29, 5.70, and 25.4mm, respectively. Under alkali-borohydride conditions (0.05m NaOHM NaBH 4 , 45°, 20 h), an l-[ 14 C]fucosyltrisaccharide was released from the product obtained by use of freezing point-depressing glycoprotein as the acceptor. The α-l anomeric configuration of the fucoside was determined by the release of l-[ 14 C]fucose from the purified trisaccharide by Turbo cornutus α-l-fucosidase. The (1→2) linkage of the l-fucosyl group to the d-galactosyl residue was established by methylation technique (m.s.-g.l.c.). The present enzyme has properties similar to those of the human milk α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase which is encoded by a secretor gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume149
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1986

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Guanosine Diphosphate Fucose
Fucosyltransferases
Galactosides
Fucose
Biosynthesis
Enzyme activity
Mucins
Enzymes
Freezing
Glycoproteins
alpha-L-Fucosidase
Ions
Inosine Nucleotides
Trisaccharides
Borohydrides
Inosine
Ethylmaleimide
Xanthine
Methylation
Guanine Nucleotides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Mucin biosynthesis enzymic properties of human-tracheal epithelial GDP-l-fucose:β-d-galactoside α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase. / Cheng, Pi-Wan; DeVries, Arthur.

In: Carbohydrate Research, Vol. 149, No. 1, 01.06.1986, p. 253-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The human-tracheal, epithelial α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase that transfers l-fucose from GDP-l-fucose to an acceptor containing a β-d-galactopyranosyl group at the nonreducing terminal was characterized. Optimal enzyme activity was obtained at pH 6.5. 20-30mm MnCl 2 (or CaCl 2 , and 0.05{\%} Triton X-100 or 0.5{\%} Tween 20. Mg 2+ and Ba 2+ ions moderately enhanced the enzyme activity, whereas Fe 2+ , Co 2+ , Zn 2+ , and Cd 2+ ions were inhibitory. The enzyme activity was inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide and nucleotides of guanine, inosine, xanthine, and uridine. However, ATP and dithiothreitol did not affect the enzyme activity. The apparent Michaelis constant for GDP-l-fucose, freezing point-depressing glycoproteins (expressed as Gal→GalNAc→Thr), and phenyl β-d-galactopyranoside was 0.29, 5.70, and 25.4mm, respectively. Under alkali-borohydride conditions (0.05m NaOHM NaBH 4 , 45°, 20 h), an l-[ 14 C]fucosyltrisaccharide was released from the product obtained by use of freezing point-depressing glycoprotein as the acceptor. The α-l anomeric configuration of the fucoside was determined by the release of l-[ 14 C]fucose from the purified trisaccharide by Turbo cornutus α-l-fucosidase. The (1→2) linkage of the l-fucosyl group to the d-galactosyl residue was established by methylation technique (m.s.-g.l.c.). The present enzyme has properties similar to those of the human milk α-(1→2)-l-fucosyltransferase which is encoded by a secretor gene.",
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