Mucin biosynthesis: Bovine C2GnT-M gene, tissue-specific expression, and herpes virus-4 homologue

Kyung H. Choi, Fernando A. Osorio, Pi Wan Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mucin glycans are the major determinant of mucin functions. Mucin glycan branch structures, which increase structural heterogeneity and thus functional potential, are extended from β6 N-acetylglucosaminides formed by β6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases (β6GnT). Core 2 β6GnT-M (C2GnT-M) is the only branching enzyme that can synthesize all known mucin β6 N-acetylglucosaminides. We report the cloning of four different bovine (b) C2GnT-M transcripts that are different only at 5′-untranslated regions. Two bC2GnT-M transcripts are found exclusively in tracheal epithelium and testis, whereas the other two are found in all other mucus-secreting tissues. The bC2GnT-M gene contains four exons spanning 5.3 kb, and the entire open reading frame is in one exon. The bC2GnT-M ORF has 95, 83, and 75% sequence identity to those of bovine herpes virus type 4 (BHV-4), human, and rat C2GnT-Ms, respectively. The homology between bovine and BHV-4 C2GnT-M genes is in the region between 170 nucleotides upstream from ATG start codon and 114 nucleotides downstream from TGA stop codon of the viral gene. Localized at the nonconserved region of the viral genome, the BHV-4 C2GnT-M gene is the only known viral C2GnT-M gene. The results suggest that BHV-4 acquired Its C2GnT-M gene from the bovine gene. The mechanism of the viral acquisition of bC2GnT-M gene and the roles of the C2GnT-M gene in the survival and pathogenesis of this virus remain to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)710-719
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2004

Fingerprint

Biosynthesis
Mucins
Viruses
Genes
Tissue
Terminator Codon
Open Reading Frames
Mucin-6
Polysaccharides
N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
Exons
Nucleotides
1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme
Initiator Codon
Viral Genes
Viral Genome
5' Untranslated Regions
Mucus
Cloning
Testis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Mucin biosynthesis : Bovine C2GnT-M gene, tissue-specific expression, and herpes virus-4 homologue. / Choi, Kyung H.; Osorio, Fernando A.; Cheng, Pi Wan.

In: American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.05.2004, p. 710-719.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Mucin glycans are the major determinant of mucin functions. Mucin glycan branch structures, which increase structural heterogeneity and thus functional potential, are extended from β6 N-acetylglucosaminides formed by β6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases (β6GnT). Core 2 β6GnT-M (C2GnT-M) is the only branching enzyme that can synthesize all known mucin β6 N-acetylglucosaminides. We report the cloning of four different bovine (b) C2GnT-M transcripts that are different only at 5′-untranslated regions. Two bC2GnT-M transcripts are found exclusively in tracheal epithelium and testis, whereas the other two are found in all other mucus-secreting tissues. The bC2GnT-M gene contains four exons spanning 5.3 kb, and the entire open reading frame is in one exon. The bC2GnT-M ORF has 95, 83, and 75{\%} sequence identity to those of bovine herpes virus type 4 (BHV-4), human, and rat C2GnT-Ms, respectively. The homology between bovine and BHV-4 C2GnT-M genes is in the region between 170 nucleotides upstream from ATG start codon and 114 nucleotides downstream from TGA stop codon of the viral gene. Localized at the nonconserved region of the viral genome, the BHV-4 C2GnT-M gene is the only known viral C2GnT-M gene. The results suggest that BHV-4 acquired Its C2GnT-M gene from the bovine gene. The mechanism of the viral acquisition of bC2GnT-M gene and the roles of the C2GnT-M gene in the survival and pathogenesis of this virus remain to be elucidated.",
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