Motorcycle Helmets and Spinal Injuries: Dispelling the Myth

Elizabeth M. Orsay, Robert Leo Muelleman, Timothy D. Peterson, Daniela H. Jurisic, Judith B. Kosasih, Paul Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective: To determine the relationship between spinal injuries and helmet use in motorcycle trauma. Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Twenty-eight hospitals in four midwestern states–Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska and Wisconsin–representing urban, suburban, and rural settings. Patients and other participants: Consecutive sample of motorcyclists treated at the participating centers. Interventions: None. Main outcome measures: The major variables evaluated were helmet use, ethanol use, and significant head or spinal injuries. Results: 1,153 cases were analyzed. Helmet use was not significantly associated with spinal injuries (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence intervals, 0.79, 1.58) whereas head injury was markedly decreased with helmet use (odds ratio, 0.35; 95% confidence intervals, 0.23, 0.53). Ethanol use was a significant variable in both head (odds ratio, 3.89) and spinal (odds ratio, 2.41) injuries. Conclusion: In contrast to a significant protective relationship identified for head injuries, helmet use was not associated with an increased or decreased occurrence rate of spinal injuries in motorcycle trauma. [Orsay EM, Muelleman RL, Peterson TD, Jurisic DH, Kosasih JB, Levy P: Motorcycle helmets and spinal injuries: Dispelling the myth. Ann Emerg Med April 1994;23:802-806.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)802-806
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

Motorcycles
Head Protective Devices
Spinal Injuries
Odds Ratio
Craniocerebral Trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Ethanol
Confidence Intervals
Head
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Orsay, E. M., Muelleman, R. L., Peterson, T. D., Jurisic, D. H., Kosasih, J. B., & Levy, P. (1994). Motorcycle Helmets and Spinal Injuries: Dispelling the Myth. Annals of emergency medicine, 23(4), 802-806. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-0644(94)70317-5

Motorcycle Helmets and Spinal Injuries : Dispelling the Myth. / Orsay, Elizabeth M.; Muelleman, Robert Leo; Peterson, Timothy D.; Jurisic, Daniela H.; Kosasih, Judith B.; Levy, Paul.

In: Annals of emergency medicine, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.01.1994, p. 802-806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Orsay, EM, Muelleman, RL, Peterson, TD, Jurisic, DH, Kosasih, JB & Levy, P 1994, 'Motorcycle Helmets and Spinal Injuries: Dispelling the Myth', Annals of emergency medicine, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 802-806. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-0644(94)70317-5
Orsay, Elizabeth M. ; Muelleman, Robert Leo ; Peterson, Timothy D. ; Jurisic, Daniela H. ; Kosasih, Judith B. ; Levy, Paul. / Motorcycle Helmets and Spinal Injuries : Dispelling the Myth. In: Annals of emergency medicine. 1994 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 802-806.
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