Mood and cue reactivity among smokers with a history of major depression: The role of rumination and impulsivity

María José Herrera, Dennis E McChargue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study tested the influence of rumination and impulsivity on experimentally induced negative mood among a sample of smokers with a lifetime history of major depression (MDD Hx+). Participants (N = 40) were categorized into four vulnerability groups: nonvulnerable (low rumination, low impulsivity), ruminative (elevated rumination, low impulsivity), impulsive (low rumination, elevated impulsivity), and vulnerable (elevated rumination, elevated impulsivity). Participants were counterbalanced to four experimental conditions, using a combination of a mood induction (negative mood induction vs. control) and smoking cue (in vivo cigarette vs. control cue). Although all participants reported greater anger responses when exposed to the negative mood induction versus control, vulnerable and ruminative smokers reported significantly greater anger responses than impulsive and nonvulnerable smokers [F(9,87) = 2.93, p =.038, Mse = 79.38]. Implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-165
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal on Addictions
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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