Monoclonal antibodies to human butyrylcholinesterase reactive with butyrylcholinesterase in animal plasma

Hong Peng, Stephen Brimijoin, Anna Hrabovska, Eric Krejci, Thomas A. Blake, Rudolph C. Johnson, Patrick Masson, Oksana Lockridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five mouse anti-human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) monoclonal antibodies bind tightly to native human BChE with nanomolar dissociation constants. Pairing analysis in the Octet system identified the monoclonal antibodies that bind to overlapping and independent epitopes on human BChE. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of 4 monoclonal antibodies are deposited in GenBank. Our goal was to determine which of the 5 monoclonal antibodies recognize BChE in the plasma of animals. Binding of monoclonal antibodies 11D8, B2 18-5, B2 12-1, mAb2 and 3E8 to BChE in animal plasma was measured using antibody immobilized on Pansorbin cells and on Dynabeads Protein G. A third method visualized binding by the shift of BChE activity bands on nondenaturing gels stained for BChE activity. Gels were counterstained for carboxylesterase activity. The three methods agreed that B2 18-5 and mAb2 have broad species specificity, but the other monoclonal antibodies interacted only with human BChE, the exception being 3E8, which also bound chicken BChE. B2 18-5 and mAb2 recognized BChE in human, rhesus monkey, horse, cat, and tiger plasma. A weak response was found with rabbit BChE. Monoclonal mAb2, but not B2 18-5, bound pig and bovine BChE. Gels stained for carboxylesterase activity confirmed that plasma from humans, monkey, pig, chicken, and cow does not contain carboxylesterase, but plasma from horse, cat, tiger, rabbit, Guinea pig, mouse, and rat has carboxylesterase. Rabbit plasma carboxylesterase hydrolyzes butyrylthiocholine. In conclusion monoclonal antibodies B2 18-5 and mAb2 can be used to immuno extract BChE from the plasma of humans, monkey and other animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-90
Number of pages9
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2016

Fingerprint

Butyrylcholinesterase
Animals
Monoclonal Antibodies
Plasmas
Carboxylesterase
Tigers
Gels
Rabbits
Horses
Haplorhini
Chickens
Butyrylthiocholine
Cats
Swine
Immobilized Antibodies
Species Specificity
Nucleic Acid Databases
Macaca mulatta
Population Groups
Rats

Keywords

  • Butyrylcholinesterase
  • Magnetic beads
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Nondenaturing gel
  • Pansorbin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Monoclonal antibodies to human butyrylcholinesterase reactive with butyrylcholinesterase in animal plasma. / Peng, Hong; Brimijoin, Stephen; Hrabovska, Anna; Krejci, Eric; Blake, Thomas A.; Johnson, Rudolph C.; Masson, Patrick; Lockridge, Oksana.

In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, Vol. 243, 05.01.2016, p. 82-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peng, Hong ; Brimijoin, Stephen ; Hrabovska, Anna ; Krejci, Eric ; Blake, Thomas A. ; Johnson, Rudolph C. ; Masson, Patrick ; Lockridge, Oksana. / Monoclonal antibodies to human butyrylcholinesterase reactive with butyrylcholinesterase in animal plasma. In: Chemico-Biological Interactions. 2016 ; Vol. 243. pp. 82-90.
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