Molecular mechanism of the priming by jasmonic acid of specific dehydration stress response genes in Arabidopsis

Ning Liu, Zoya V Avramova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Plant genes that provide a different response to a similar dehydration stress illustrate the concept of transcriptional 'dehydration stress memory'. Pre-exposing a plant to a biotic stress or a stress-signaling hormone may increase transcription from response genes in a future stress, a phenomenon known as 'gene priming'. Although known that primed transcription is preceded by accumulation of H3K4me3 marks at primed genes, what mechanism provides for their appearance before the transcription was unclear. How augmented transcription is achieved, whether/how the two memory phenomena are connected at the transcriptional level, and whether similar molecular and/or epigenetic mechanisms regulate them are fundamental questions about the molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression. Results: Although the stress hormone jasmonic acid (JA) was unable to induce transcription of tested dehydration stress response genes, it strongly potentiated transcription from specific ABA-dependent 'memory' genes. We elucidate the molecular mechanism causing their priming, demonstrate that stalled RNA polymerase II and H3K4me3 accumulate as epigenetic marks at the JA-primed ABA-dependent genes before actual transcription, and describe how these events occur mechanistically. The transcription factor MYC2 binds to the genes in response to both dehydration stress and to JA and determines the specificity of the priming. The MEDIATOR subunit MED25 links JA-priming with dehydration stress response pathways at the transcriptional level. Possible biological relevance of primed enhanced transcription from the specific memory genes is discussed. Conclusions: The biotic stress hormone JA potentiated transcription from a specific subset of ABA-response genes, revealing a novel aspect of the JA- and ABA-signaling pathways' interactions. H3K4me3 functions as an epigenetic mark at JA-primed dehydration stress response genes before transcription. We emphasize that histone and epigenetic marks are not synonymous and argue that distinguishing between them is important for understanding the role of chromatin marks in genes' transcriptional performance. JA-priming, specifically of dehydration stress memory genes encoding cell/membrane protective functions, suggests it is an adaptational response to two different environmental stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8
JournalEpigenetics and Chromatin
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2016

Fingerprint

Dehydration
Arabidopsis
Genes
Epigenomics
Hormones
jasmonic acid
Histone Code
Plant Genes
RNA Polymerase II
Chromatin
Transcription Factors
Cell Membrane
Gene Expression

Keywords

  • Dehydration stress memory
  • Epigenetic marks
  • H3K4me3
  • Jasmonic acid priming
  • MED25
  • MEDIATOR
  • MYC2
  • Stalled Pol II
  • Superinduced memory transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Molecular mechanism of the priming by jasmonic acid of specific dehydration stress response genes in Arabidopsis",
abstract = "Background: Plant genes that provide a different response to a similar dehydration stress illustrate the concept of transcriptional 'dehydration stress memory'. Pre-exposing a plant to a biotic stress or a stress-signaling hormone may increase transcription from response genes in a future stress, a phenomenon known as 'gene priming'. Although known that primed transcription is preceded by accumulation of H3K4me3 marks at primed genes, what mechanism provides for their appearance before the transcription was unclear. How augmented transcription is achieved, whether/how the two memory phenomena are connected at the transcriptional level, and whether similar molecular and/or epigenetic mechanisms regulate them are fundamental questions about the molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression. Results: Although the stress hormone jasmonic acid (JA) was unable to induce transcription of tested dehydration stress response genes, it strongly potentiated transcription from specific ABA-dependent 'memory' genes. We elucidate the molecular mechanism causing their priming, demonstrate that stalled RNA polymerase II and H3K4me3 accumulate as epigenetic marks at the JA-primed ABA-dependent genes before actual transcription, and describe how these events occur mechanistically. The transcription factor MYC2 binds to the genes in response to both dehydration stress and to JA and determines the specificity of the priming. The MEDIATOR subunit MED25 links JA-priming with dehydration stress response pathways at the transcriptional level. Possible biological relevance of primed enhanced transcription from the specific memory genes is discussed. Conclusions: The biotic stress hormone JA potentiated transcription from a specific subset of ABA-response genes, revealing a novel aspect of the JA- and ABA-signaling pathways' interactions. H3K4me3 functions as an epigenetic mark at JA-primed dehydration stress response genes before transcription. We emphasize that histone and epigenetic marks are not synonymous and argue that distinguishing between them is important for understanding the role of chromatin marks in genes' transcriptional performance. JA-priming, specifically of dehydration stress memory genes encoding cell/membrane protective functions, suggests it is an adaptational response to two different environmental stresses.",
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AU - Avramova, Zoya V

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N2 - Background: Plant genes that provide a different response to a similar dehydration stress illustrate the concept of transcriptional 'dehydration stress memory'. Pre-exposing a plant to a biotic stress or a stress-signaling hormone may increase transcription from response genes in a future stress, a phenomenon known as 'gene priming'. Although known that primed transcription is preceded by accumulation of H3K4me3 marks at primed genes, what mechanism provides for their appearance before the transcription was unclear. How augmented transcription is achieved, whether/how the two memory phenomena are connected at the transcriptional level, and whether similar molecular and/or epigenetic mechanisms regulate them are fundamental questions about the molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression. Results: Although the stress hormone jasmonic acid (JA) was unable to induce transcription of tested dehydration stress response genes, it strongly potentiated transcription from specific ABA-dependent 'memory' genes. We elucidate the molecular mechanism causing their priming, demonstrate that stalled RNA polymerase II and H3K4me3 accumulate as epigenetic marks at the JA-primed ABA-dependent genes before actual transcription, and describe how these events occur mechanistically. The transcription factor MYC2 binds to the genes in response to both dehydration stress and to JA and determines the specificity of the priming. The MEDIATOR subunit MED25 links JA-priming with dehydration stress response pathways at the transcriptional level. Possible biological relevance of primed enhanced transcription from the specific memory genes is discussed. Conclusions: The biotic stress hormone JA potentiated transcription from a specific subset of ABA-response genes, revealing a novel aspect of the JA- and ABA-signaling pathways' interactions. H3K4me3 functions as an epigenetic mark at JA-primed dehydration stress response genes before transcription. We emphasize that histone and epigenetic marks are not synonymous and argue that distinguishing between them is important for understanding the role of chromatin marks in genes' transcriptional performance. JA-priming, specifically of dehydration stress memory genes encoding cell/membrane protective functions, suggests it is an adaptational response to two different environmental stresses.

AB - Background: Plant genes that provide a different response to a similar dehydration stress illustrate the concept of transcriptional 'dehydration stress memory'. Pre-exposing a plant to a biotic stress or a stress-signaling hormone may increase transcription from response genes in a future stress, a phenomenon known as 'gene priming'. Although known that primed transcription is preceded by accumulation of H3K4me3 marks at primed genes, what mechanism provides for their appearance before the transcription was unclear. How augmented transcription is achieved, whether/how the two memory phenomena are connected at the transcriptional level, and whether similar molecular and/or epigenetic mechanisms regulate them are fundamental questions about the molecular mechanisms regulating gene expression. Results: Although the stress hormone jasmonic acid (JA) was unable to induce transcription of tested dehydration stress response genes, it strongly potentiated transcription from specific ABA-dependent 'memory' genes. We elucidate the molecular mechanism causing their priming, demonstrate that stalled RNA polymerase II and H3K4me3 accumulate as epigenetic marks at the JA-primed ABA-dependent genes before actual transcription, and describe how these events occur mechanistically. The transcription factor MYC2 binds to the genes in response to both dehydration stress and to JA and determines the specificity of the priming. The MEDIATOR subunit MED25 links JA-priming with dehydration stress response pathways at the transcriptional level. Possible biological relevance of primed enhanced transcription from the specific memory genes is discussed. Conclusions: The biotic stress hormone JA potentiated transcription from a specific subset of ABA-response genes, revealing a novel aspect of the JA- and ABA-signaling pathways' interactions. H3K4me3 functions as an epigenetic mark at JA-primed dehydration stress response genes before transcription. We emphasize that histone and epigenetic marks are not synonymous and argue that distinguishing between them is important for understanding the role of chromatin marks in genes' transcriptional performance. JA-priming, specifically of dehydration stress memory genes encoding cell/membrane protective functions, suggests it is an adaptational response to two different environmental stresses.

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KW - Superinduced memory transcription

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