Minimally invasive implantation of epidural spinal cord neurostimulator electrodes by using a tubular retractor system: Technical note

Matthew R Johnson, Daniel J. Tomes, John S. Treves, Lyal G. Leibrock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


The authors describe a novel technique for the implantation of multipolar epidural spinal cord neurostimulator electrodes with the aid of a tubular retractor system. Spinal cord neurostimulation is used as a neuroaugmentive tool for treating chronic intractable pain syndromes. Minimally invasive placement of the multipolar neurostimulator electrodes may allow for shorter hospital stays and less postoperative pain associated with the incision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1121
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004



  • Chronic pain
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Neuromodulation
  • Spinal cord stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this