Methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms: Associations with affect lability and impulsivity in a rural treatment population

Jeffrey S. Simons, Matthew N.I. Oliver, Raluca M. Gaher, Gerald Ebel, Patricia Brummels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined associations between impulsivity and affect lability and methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms in a rural inpatient treatment population (N=235). Thirty-two percent of participants reported methamphetamine use in the past 90 days prior to admission. Amphetamine use disorders were found to be more common among younger participants whereas alcohol use disorders were more common among older and Native American participants. After controlling for age, gender, use frequency, and injection use, impulsivity but not affect lability was associated with methamphetamine abuse but not dependence symptoms. Lability but not impulsivity was associated with alcohol dependence but not abuse symptoms after controlling for age, gender, and use frequency. Consistent with past epidemiological studies, results indicate that methamphetamine use is a prominent problem facing rural substance use treatment facilities. Affect lability and impulsivity are associated with methamphetamine and alcohol-related problems in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1370-1381
Number of pages12
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

Fingerprint

Methamphetamine
Impulsive Behavior
Rural Population
Alcoholism
Alcohols
Therapeutics
North American Indians
Amphetamine
Population
Inpatients
Epidemiologic Studies
Injections

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Drug abuse
  • Methamphetamine
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms : Associations with affect lability and impulsivity in a rural treatment population. / Simons, Jeffrey S.; Oliver, Matthew N.I.; Gaher, Raluca M.; Ebel, Gerald; Brummels, Patricia.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 30, No. 7, 01.08.2005, p. 1370-1381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Simons, Jeffrey S. ; Oliver, Matthew N.I. ; Gaher, Raluca M. ; Ebel, Gerald ; Brummels, Patricia. / Methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms : Associations with affect lability and impulsivity in a rural treatment population. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2005 ; Vol. 30, No. 7. pp. 1370-1381.
@article{561c967a94c34fd0899c074c5514eb9b,
title = "Methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms: Associations with affect lability and impulsivity in a rural treatment population",
abstract = "The present study examined associations between impulsivity and affect lability and methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms in a rural inpatient treatment population (N=235). Thirty-two percent of participants reported methamphetamine use in the past 90 days prior to admission. Amphetamine use disorders were found to be more common among younger participants whereas alcohol use disorders were more common among older and Native American participants. After controlling for age, gender, use frequency, and injection use, impulsivity but not affect lability was associated with methamphetamine abuse but not dependence symptoms. Lability but not impulsivity was associated with alcohol dependence but not abuse symptoms after controlling for age, gender, and use frequency. Consistent with past epidemiological studies, results indicate that methamphetamine use is a prominent problem facing rural substance use treatment facilities. Affect lability and impulsivity are associated with methamphetamine and alcohol-related problems in this population.",
keywords = "Alcohol, Drug abuse, Methamphetamine, Temperament",
author = "Simons, {Jeffrey S.} and Oliver, {Matthew N.I.} and Gaher, {Raluca M.} and Gerald Ebel and Patricia Brummels",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.01.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "1370--1381",
journal = "Addictive Behaviors",
issn = "0306-4603",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms

T2 - Associations with affect lability and impulsivity in a rural treatment population

AU - Simons, Jeffrey S.

AU - Oliver, Matthew N.I.

AU - Gaher, Raluca M.

AU - Ebel, Gerald

AU - Brummels, Patricia

PY - 2005/8/1

Y1 - 2005/8/1

N2 - The present study examined associations between impulsivity and affect lability and methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms in a rural inpatient treatment population (N=235). Thirty-two percent of participants reported methamphetamine use in the past 90 days prior to admission. Amphetamine use disorders were found to be more common among younger participants whereas alcohol use disorders were more common among older and Native American participants. After controlling for age, gender, use frequency, and injection use, impulsivity but not affect lability was associated with methamphetamine abuse but not dependence symptoms. Lability but not impulsivity was associated with alcohol dependence but not abuse symptoms after controlling for age, gender, and use frequency. Consistent with past epidemiological studies, results indicate that methamphetamine use is a prominent problem facing rural substance use treatment facilities. Affect lability and impulsivity are associated with methamphetamine and alcohol-related problems in this population.

AB - The present study examined associations between impulsivity and affect lability and methamphetamine and alcohol abuse and dependence symptoms in a rural inpatient treatment population (N=235). Thirty-two percent of participants reported methamphetamine use in the past 90 days prior to admission. Amphetamine use disorders were found to be more common among younger participants whereas alcohol use disorders were more common among older and Native American participants. After controlling for age, gender, use frequency, and injection use, impulsivity but not affect lability was associated with methamphetamine abuse but not dependence symptoms. Lability but not impulsivity was associated with alcohol dependence but not abuse symptoms after controlling for age, gender, and use frequency. Consistent with past epidemiological studies, results indicate that methamphetamine use is a prominent problem facing rural substance use treatment facilities. Affect lability and impulsivity are associated with methamphetamine and alcohol-related problems in this population.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Drug abuse

KW - Methamphetamine

KW - Temperament

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=22044454248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=22044454248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.01.018

DO - 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.01.018

M3 - Article

C2 - 16022933

AN - SCOPUS:22044454248

VL - 30

SP - 1370

EP - 1381

JO - Addictive Behaviors

JF - Addictive Behaviors

SN - 0306-4603

IS - 7

ER -