Mental disorders, comorbidity, and postrunaway arrests among homeless and runaway adolescents

Xiaojin Chen, Lisa Thrane, Les B. Whitbeck, Kurt Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the associations between lifetime mental disorder, comorbidity, and self-reported postrunaway arrests among 428 (187 males, 241 females) homeless and runaway youth. The analysis examined the pattern of arrests across five lifetime mental disorders (alcohol abuse, drug abuse, conduct disorder, major depressive episode, and posttraumatic stress disorder). The adolescents, ranging from 16 to 19 years old, were interviewed directly on the streets and in shelters in four Midwestern states using computer-assisted personal interviewing. Extensive self-reports of early life history, behaviors since running away from home, and diagnostic interviewing (UM-CIDI and DISC-R) were used to estimate possible disorders. There was a high level of postrunaway arrests reported by the youth; more than half were arrested at least once after the initial runaway, with the average of 4.4 times. Consistent with the hypotheses, there were differential associations between individual mental disorders and involvement with the criminal justice system. Only externalizing disorders such as substance abuse and conduct disorder were related to arrest. Street youth with multiple externalizing and internalizing disorders were more likely to be arrested than nondisordered youths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-402
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006

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Homeless Youth
comorbidity
mental disorder
Mental Disorders
Comorbidity
adolescent
Conduct Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Criminal Law
posttraumatic stress disorder
Microcomputers
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
drug abuse
substance abuse
Self Report
Alcoholism
diagnostic
abuse
justice
alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Mental disorders, comorbidity, and postrunaway arrests among homeless and runaway adolescents. / Chen, Xiaojin; Thrane, Lisa; Whitbeck, Les B.; Johnson, Kurt.

In: Journal of Research on Adolescence, Vol. 16, No. 3, 01.09.2006, p. 379-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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