Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability.

T. A. Salthouse, D. R. Mitchell, R. Palmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young and old adults were asked, in 3 experiments, to make decisions about the identity of line segment patterns after either adding or subtracting line segments from the original pattern. On some of the trials, the line segments from the initial display were presented again in the second display to minimize the necessity of remembering early information during the processing of later information. Although this manipulation presumably reduced the importance of memory in the tasks, it had little effect on the magnitude of the age differences in any of the experiments. Because the 2 groups were equivalent in accuracy of simple recognition judgments, but older adults were less accurate when the same types of decisions were required in the context of an ongoing task, the results suggested that older adults may be impaired in the ability to retain information while simultaneously processing the same or other information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-486
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Automatic Data Processing
Young Adult
Recognition (Psychology)
Spatial Navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability. / Salthouse, T. A.; Mitchell, D. R.; Palmon, R.

In: Psychology and aging, Vol. 4, No. 4, 12.1989, p. 480-486.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salthouse, T. A. ; Mitchell, D. R. ; Palmon, R. / Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability. In: Psychology and aging. 1989 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 480-486.
@article{5882e1d36f1a418785713f84c7e2b6f3,
title = "Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability.",
abstract = "Young and old adults were asked, in 3 experiments, to make decisions about the identity of line segment patterns after either adding or subtracting line segments from the original pattern. On some of the trials, the line segments from the initial display were presented again in the second display to minimize the necessity of remembering early information during the processing of later information. Although this manipulation presumably reduced the importance of memory in the tasks, it had little effect on the magnitude of the age differences in any of the experiments. Because the 2 groups were equivalent in accuracy of simple recognition judgments, but older adults were less accurate when the same types of decisions were required in the context of an ongoing task, the results suggested that older adults may be impaired in the ability to retain information while simultaneously processing the same or other information.",
author = "Salthouse, {T. A.} and Mitchell, {D. R.} and R. Palmon",
year = "1989",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1037/0882-7974.4.4.480",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "480--486",
journal = "Psychology and Aging",
issn = "0882-7974",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability.

AU - Salthouse, T. A.

AU - Mitchell, D. R.

AU - Palmon, R.

PY - 1989/12

Y1 - 1989/12

N2 - Young and old adults were asked, in 3 experiments, to make decisions about the identity of line segment patterns after either adding or subtracting line segments from the original pattern. On some of the trials, the line segments from the initial display were presented again in the second display to minimize the necessity of remembering early information during the processing of later information. Although this manipulation presumably reduced the importance of memory in the tasks, it had little effect on the magnitude of the age differences in any of the experiments. Because the 2 groups were equivalent in accuracy of simple recognition judgments, but older adults were less accurate when the same types of decisions were required in the context of an ongoing task, the results suggested that older adults may be impaired in the ability to retain information while simultaneously processing the same or other information.

AB - Young and old adults were asked, in 3 experiments, to make decisions about the identity of line segment patterns after either adding or subtracting line segments from the original pattern. On some of the trials, the line segments from the initial display were presented again in the second display to minimize the necessity of remembering early information during the processing of later information. Although this manipulation presumably reduced the importance of memory in the tasks, it had little effect on the magnitude of the age differences in any of the experiments. Because the 2 groups were equivalent in accuracy of simple recognition judgments, but older adults were less accurate when the same types of decisions were required in the context of an ongoing task, the results suggested that older adults may be impaired in the ability to retain information while simultaneously processing the same or other information.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024779356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024779356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0882-7974.4.4.480

DO - 10.1037/0882-7974.4.4.480

M3 - Article

C2 - 2619953

AN - SCOPUS:0024779356

VL - 4

SP - 480

EP - 486

JO - Psychology and Aging

JF - Psychology and Aging

SN - 0882-7974

IS - 4

ER -