Melatonin inhibits the proliferation of pituitary prolactin-secreting tumor by suppressing the enhancer elements mutation of PRL gene in the rat

Lie Gao, Quan Hui Yang, Rong Kun Xu

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Abstract

In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the inhibition of the proliferation of 17-beta-estradiol (E(2))-induced pituitary prolactin-secreting tumor (prolactinoma) by melatonin (MLT) in the rat, we examined the inhibitory effects of MLT on the proliferation of E(2)-induced prolactinoma of the rat and the suppressing effects of MLT on the enhancer elements mutation of PRL gene in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that the weights of prolactinomas in MLT groups, in which 0.25 mg or 0.50 mg per day per rat of MLT was administered subcutaneously at 18:00, were decreased significantly. Out of the dosage of MLT, such as 0.05, 1.00 mg and 2.00 mg per day per rat, the antitumor action of MLT is less or disappointing. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing showed five mutations in the enhancer elements of PRL gene in prolactinoma, such as -1885 point mutation (C --> G), -1857 - -1855 substitution (ACA --> G), -1792 - -1791 insertion G, -1383 - -1382 insertion (GGTGTGTG), -1265 - -1250 deletion (GTGTGTGTGTGTGTGT). Excluding of -1885 point mutation (C --> G), the mutation in the prolactinoma treated with 0.25 mg per day per rat MLT was decreased, such as -1792 - -1791 without insertion of G, -1856 - -1855 deletion AC, -1385 - -1384 deletion TG, -1250 - -1253 deletion GTGT. Firefly luciferase reporter gene systems showed that the luminosity of enhancer elements-luciferase reporter fusion gene in normal pituitary, prolactinoma treated without or with 0.25 mg per day per rat MLT were (13448.17+/-3012.74), (161831.67+/-60996.01), and (10212.17+/-634.71) OD units. Compared with the normal pituitary, the activity of PRL gene enhancer elements in prolactinoma was increased by 11 times (P<0.001). Compared with the prolactinoma, the activity of PRL gene enhancer elements in prolactinoma treated with MLT was decreased by 93.69% (P<0.001). Analysis of the space structure of PRL gene enhancer elements showed that the bending index in prolactinoma was higher than that in prolactinoma treated with MLT, which was higher than that in the normal pituitary. These results demonstrate that one of the important molecular mechanisms of MLT inhibiting the proliferation of prolactinoma is related to the reduction of enhancer elements mutation of PRL gene. These data also suggest that MLT-induced attenuation of enhancer elements mutation of PRL gene is involved in decreasing the bending index and attenuating the higher expression of PRL gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-327
Number of pages9
JournalSheng li xue bao : [Acta physiologica Sinica]
Volume57
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 25 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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