Media use by children younger than 2 years

Ari Brown, Deborah Ann Mulligan, Tanya Remer Altmann, Dimitri A. Christakis, Kathleen Clarke-Pearson, Holly Lee Falik, David L. Hill, Marjorie J. Hogan, Alanna Estin Levine, Kathleen G. Nelson, Gwenn Schurgin O'Keeffe, Benard P. Dreyer, Gilbert L. Fuld, Regina M. Milteer, Donald L. Shifrin, Victor C. Strasburger, Michael Brody, Brian L Wilcox, Gina Ley Steiner, Veronica Laude Noland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

174 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1999, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued a policy statement addressing media use in children. The purpose of that statement was to educate parents about the effects that media - both the amount and the content - may have on children. In one part of that statement, the AAP recommended that "pediatricians should urge parents to avoid television viewing for children under the age of two years." The wording of the policy specifically discouraged media use in this age group, although it is frequently misquoted by media outlets as no media exposure in this age group. The AAP believed that there were significantly more potential negative effects of media than positive ones for this age group and, thus, advised families to thoughtfully consider media use for infants. This policy statement reaffirms the 1999 statement with respect to media use in infants and children younger than 2 years and provides updated research findings to support it. This statement addresses (1) the lack of evidence supporting educational or developmental benefits for media use by children younger than 2 years, (2) the potential adverse health and developmental effects of media use by children younger than 2 years, and (3) adverse effects of parental media use (background media) on children younger than 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1045
Number of pages6
JournalPediatrics
Volume128
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

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Age Groups
Pediatrics
Parents
Television
Media Use
Health
Research
Pediatricians
Education

Keywords

  • Development
  • Infants
  • Media
  • Screen time
  • Television
  • Young children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Brown, A., Mulligan, D. A., Altmann, T. R., Christakis, D. A., Clarke-Pearson, K., Falik, H. L., ... Noland, V. L. (2011). Media use by children younger than 2 years. Pediatrics, 128(5), 1040-1045. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-1753

Media use by children younger than 2 years. / Brown, Ari; Mulligan, Deborah Ann; Altmann, Tanya Remer; Christakis, Dimitri A.; Clarke-Pearson, Kathleen; Falik, Holly Lee; Hill, David L.; Hogan, Marjorie J.; Levine, Alanna Estin; Nelson, Kathleen G.; O'Keeffe, Gwenn Schurgin; Dreyer, Benard P.; Fuld, Gilbert L.; Milteer, Regina M.; Shifrin, Donald L.; Strasburger, Victor C.; Brody, Michael; Wilcox, Brian L; Steiner, Gina Ley; Noland, Veronica Laude.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 128, No. 5, 01.11.2011, p. 1040-1045.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Brown, A, Mulligan, DA, Altmann, TR, Christakis, DA, Clarke-Pearson, K, Falik, HL, Hill, DL, Hogan, MJ, Levine, AE, Nelson, KG, O'Keeffe, GS, Dreyer, BP, Fuld, GL, Milteer, RM, Shifrin, DL, Strasburger, VC, Brody, M, Wilcox, BL, Steiner, GL & Noland, VL 2011, 'Media use by children younger than 2 years', Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 5, pp. 1040-1045. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-1753
Brown A, Mulligan DA, Altmann TR, Christakis DA, Clarke-Pearson K, Falik HL et al. Media use by children younger than 2 years. Pediatrics. 2011 Nov 1;128(5):1040-1045. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-1753
Brown, Ari ; Mulligan, Deborah Ann ; Altmann, Tanya Remer ; Christakis, Dimitri A. ; Clarke-Pearson, Kathleen ; Falik, Holly Lee ; Hill, David L. ; Hogan, Marjorie J. ; Levine, Alanna Estin ; Nelson, Kathleen G. ; O'Keeffe, Gwenn Schurgin ; Dreyer, Benard P. ; Fuld, Gilbert L. ; Milteer, Regina M. ; Shifrin, Donald L. ; Strasburger, Victor C. ; Brody, Michael ; Wilcox, Brian L ; Steiner, Gina Ley ; Noland, Veronica Laude. / Media use by children younger than 2 years. In: Pediatrics. 2011 ; Vol. 128, No. 5. pp. 1040-1045.
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