Mechanism of immunotherapeutic activity of OK-432 in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis

Hiroyasu Fukui, Craig W. Reynolds, Barbara Lenz, Mark Schneider, James E. Talmadge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this report the mechanism of therapeutic activity of OK-432 for the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis was investigated by correlating effector-cell augmentation with therapeutic activity in rats bearing MADB-106 carcinomatosis. Tumor cells were injected i.p. and the treatment with OK-432 was initiated 5 days later with 0.5, 1, 5 or 10 KE/animal of OK-432 injected i.p. semiweekly. Significant therapeutic activity was observed at all doses examined with greater prolongation of survival noted at the higher doses of OK-432. Animals treated with 0.5 KE/animal had a prolongation of the median survival time from 14 days for saline-treated animals to 17 days for the OK-432 treated animals (P<0.0008), while animals treated with higher doses had much longer periods of survival, some animals being tumor-free at 185 days. In the same studies, natural killer (NK) cell, lymphokine-activated killer cell, cytotoxic T lymphocyte, and macrophage tumoricidal/cytostatic activities were measured 7 days and 14 days following tumor injection (2 days and 9 days after initiation of immunotherapy). OK-432 had immunostimulatory activity in most of the assays of immune function examined and this correlated with host survival, including augmentation of peritoneal and peripheral blood cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity on day 14, peritoneal and alveolar macrophage activity on day 7 and day 14, as well as natural killer cell activity on day 14. These results suggest that the therapeutic doses are also immunomodulatory doses for the effector cells mentioned above. We suggest, therefore, that immunological monitoring may help to optimize treatment protocols for the treatment of peritoneal and perhaps pleural effusions with OK-432.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Immunology Immunotherapy
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1989

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this