Maternal and neonatal herpes simplex virus infections

Swetha G. Pinninti, David W. Kimberlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genital herpes infections are extremely common worldwide and ∼22% of pregnant women are infected with herpes simplex virus. Eighty percent of those affected with genital herpes are unaware of being infected. The most devastating consequence of maternal genital herpes is neonatal herpes disease. Fortunately, neonatal herpes simplex infections are uncommon but due to the morbidity and mortality associated with the infection are often considered in the differential diagnosis of ill neonates. The use of polymerase chain reaction assay for diagnosis of central nervous system infections and the development of safe and effective antiviral therapy have revolutionized the diagnosis and management of these infants. Most recently, the initiation of long-term antiviral suppressive therapy in these infants has led to significant improvement in morbidity. This review will summarize the epidemiology of maternal and neonatal herpes infections and discuss clinical presentation, diagnosis, management, and follow-up of infants with neonatal herpes disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2013

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Keywords

  • PCR
  • acyclovir
  • antiviral therapy
  • genital herpes
  • neonatal herpes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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