Magnetism of FE, CO and NI nanowires in self-assembled arrays

D. J. Sellmyer, M. Zheng, R. Skomski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

Recent work on magnetic properties of transition-metal nanowire arrays produced by electro-deposition is reviewed. The wires, which are electrodeposited into self-assembled porous anodic alumina, form nearly hexagonal arrays characterized by wire diameters down to less than 10 nm, wire lengths up to about 1 μm, and variable centre-to-centre spacings of the order of 50 nm. The fabrication and structural characterization of the arrays is summarized, magnetic data are presented and theoretical explanations of the behaviour of the wires are given. Emphasis is on extrinsic phenomena such as coercivity, magnetization reversal and interactions of the magnetic nanowires. In particular, we analyse how wire imperfections give rise to magnetic localization and dominate the hysteresis behaviour of the wires. Potential applications are outlined in the last section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R433-R460
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume13
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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