Macro-social validation: Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems

Hill M. Walker, Steven R. Forness, James M. Kauffman, Michael H. Epstein, Frank M. Gresham, C. Michael Nelson, Phillip S. Strain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the past two decades, the field of special education has become politicized and fragmented as a result of internal strife and turf battles among professionals. Special education often is perceived by professionals in other fields as strife ridden, expensive, litigious, consumed with legislative mandates and court orders, and ineffective. These perceptions have damaged special education's status and hindered its ability to pursue its agenda. By association, the field of behavioral disorders also has suffered from these perceptions. We need to rededicate ourselves to empirical inquiry and use our collective expertise to find solutions to problems that are of great concern to children and families as well as the larger society. In so doing, we may achieve a degree of macrosocial validation for our efforts. The term macrosocial validation, as used herein, refers to recognition, approval, and valuing of a field's professional activities by the larger constituencies affected by them, such as the general public, the U.S. Congress, and policymakers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-18
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioral Disorders
Volume24
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 1998

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Special Education
special education
Aptitude
expertise
ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Walker, H. M., Forness, S. R., Kauffman, J. M., Epstein, M. H., Gresham, F. M., Nelson, C. M., & Strain, P. S. (1998). Macro-social validation: Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems. Behavioral Disorders, 24(1), 7-18.

Macro-social validation : Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems. / Walker, Hill M.; Forness, Steven R.; Kauffman, James M.; Epstein, Michael H.; Gresham, Frank M.; Nelson, C. Michael; Strain, Phillip S.

In: Behavioral Disorders, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.11.1998, p. 7-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walker, HM, Forness, SR, Kauffman, JM, Epstein, MH, Gresham, FM, Nelson, CM & Strain, PS 1998, 'Macro-social validation: Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems', Behavioral Disorders, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 7-18.
Walker HM, Forness SR, Kauffman JM, Epstein MH, Gresham FM, Nelson CM et al. Macro-social validation: Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems. Behavioral Disorders. 1998 Nov 1;24(1):7-18.
Walker, Hill M. ; Forness, Steven R. ; Kauffman, James M. ; Epstein, Michael H. ; Gresham, Frank M. ; Nelson, C. Michael ; Strain, Phillip S. / Macro-social validation : Referencing outcomes in behavioral disorders to societal issues and problems. In: Behavioral Disorders. 1998 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 7-18.
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