Lymphoproliferative disorders: Molecular diagnostics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The challenges of diagnosing lymphoproliferative disorders in immunodeficiency syndromes are several. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes proliferation and transforms cells; therefore, it is thought to allow greater chances for random molecular events to occur above the baseline expected for the patient's age. T-cell immunosuppression contributes to the allowance of proliferation. Due to the immune deficiencies, patients are at variable risk throughout their lives for lymphoproliferations, whether hereditary or subsequent to an acquired immune deficiency such as transplantation, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or in other diseases where induced immune suppression occurs secondary to steroid or methotrexate treatment. Determining whether the proliferation is a hyperplasia or a lymphoma is difficult because both events, or rather a spectrum of events, can occur in such patients. Therefore, while an EBV-positive atypical lymphoid hyperplasia can occur at one site, a clonal neoplasm may occur at another site in the same patient. The lymphoproliferations are often polymorphous, at least initially, and then develop a monomorphous histology similar to a typical lymphoma. However, the histology is not easily predictive of when a committed clonal translocation develops; therefore, multiple modalities are needed to aid in the establishment of a lymphoma. This is important to separate it from the differential diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis or an EBV-positive lymphoproliferation that mimics infectious mononucleosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMolecular Genetic Pathology
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages945-951
Number of pages7
Volume9781461448006
ISBN (Electronic)9781461448006
ISBN (Print)1461447992, 9781461447993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Greiner, T. C. (2013). Lymphoproliferative disorders: Molecular diagnostics. In Molecular Genetic Pathology: Second Edition (Vol. 9781461448006, pp. 945-951). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4800-6-35