Low-temperature growth of crystalline gallium nitride films using vibrational excitation of ammonia molecules in laser-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

Hossein Rabiee Golgir, Yang Gao, Yun Shen Zhou, Lisha Fan, Premkumar Thirugnanam, Kamran Keramatnejad, Lan Jiang, Jean François Silvain, Yong Feng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-temperature growth of crystalline gallium nitride (GaN) films on c-plane sapphire (α-Al2O3) substrates was achieved by laser-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (LMOCVD) and coupling laser energy into the chemical reactions. Trimethylgallium (TMGa) and ammonia (NH3) were used as precursors for the growth of GaN films. Through the resonant excitation of rotational-vibrational transition (1084.71 cm-1) of the NH-wagging mode (v2) in NH3 molecules using a wavelength-tunable CO2 laser tuned at 9.219 μm, highly c-axis oriented GaN films were deposited on sapphire at low substrate temperatures from 250 to 600 °C. GaN films with a large thickness of 12 μm were obtained within 1 h at a substrate temperature of 600 °C. The GaN films deposited by LMOCVD showed a higher degree of crystallinity, higher growth rate, and lower defect densities as compared to those synthesized by MOCVD without resonant excitation of NH3 molecules. This low-temperature synthesis technique opens a promising approach to growing nitrides with low adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6248-6253
Number of pages6
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2014

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Gallium nitride
gallium nitrides
Metallorganic chemical vapor deposition
Growth temperature
Ammonia
metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
ammonia
Crystalline materials
Molecules
Lasers
Aluminum Oxide
excitation
lasers
molecules
Sapphire
sapphire
Substrates
Laser tuning
Defect density
tunable lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Low-temperature growth of crystalline gallium nitride films using vibrational excitation of ammonia molecules in laser-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. / Rabiee Golgir, Hossein; Gao, Yang; Zhou, Yun Shen; Fan, Lisha; Thirugnanam, Premkumar; Keramatnejad, Kamran; Jiang, Lan; Silvain, Jean François; Lu, Yong Feng.

In: Crystal Growth and Design, Vol. 14, No. 12, 03.12.2014, p. 6248-6253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rabiee Golgir, Hossein ; Gao, Yang ; Zhou, Yun Shen ; Fan, Lisha ; Thirugnanam, Premkumar ; Keramatnejad, Kamran ; Jiang, Lan ; Silvain, Jean François ; Lu, Yong Feng. / Low-temperature growth of crystalline gallium nitride films using vibrational excitation of ammonia molecules in laser-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. In: Crystal Growth and Design. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 12. pp. 6248-6253.
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AU - Thirugnanam, Premkumar

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