Objective: To compare the long-term, health-related quality-of-life outcomes in patients with advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) treated with surgery and postoperative radiation therapy (SRT) or concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy (CRT). Design: Matched-pair study comparing patients with advanced HNC treated with SRT or CRT at least 12 months after treatment. Patients completed 2 validated surveys addressing HNC-specific outcomes and depressive symptoms and provided information on employment and tobacco and alcohol use. Results for the 2 groups were compared using paired-sample t test and χ2 analysis. Setting: University-based study. Patients: Patients with stage III or IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx who underwent SRT or received CRT. Main Outcome Measures: Head and neck cancer- specific health-related quality of life from the Head and Neck Cancer Inventory and level of depressive symptoms from the Beck Depression Inventory. Results: The matching process resulted in 27 patients in each treatment group. The HNC-specific domain scores (with higher scores representing better outcomes) for CRT vs SRT were eating, 37.8 vs 40.8 (P=.69); speech, 65.1 vs 56.0 (P=.23); aesthetics, 80.3 vs 69.2 (P=.14); and social disruption, 69.7 vs 70.6 (P=.90). Overall health-related quality of life was 64.0 with SRT and 55.0 with CRT (P=.142). For the Beck Depression Inventory (with higher scores representing worse outcomes), patients who underwent SRT had a mean score of 9.6 compared with 11.6 for patients who received CRT (P=.42). Conclusion: As nonsurgical means of treating HNC have become more aggressive and surgical techniques have become more focused on function preservation and rehabilitation, the overall health-related quality of life resulting from these different approaches is similar.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1 2005|
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