Log-Transformed Electromyography Amplitude-Power Output Relationship: Single-Leg Knee-Extensor Versus Single-Leg Cycle Ergometry

Eric B. Noble, Joshua M. Pilarski, Harshal K. Vora, Jorge M. Zuniga, Moh H. Malek

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Noble, EB, Pilarski, JM, Vora, HK, Zuniga, JM, and Malek, MH. Log-transformed electromyography amplitude-power output relationship: single-leg knee-extensor versus single-leg cycle ergometry. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1311-1319, 2019-Comparing and contrasting motor unit recruitment and activation for the same muscles for multiple versus single-joint exercise may provide a better understanding of neuromuscular fatigue. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to compare the slope and y-intercept terms for the 3 superficial quadriceps femoris (QF) (vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, and vastus medialis) muscles derived from the log-transformed electromyography (EMG) amplitude-power output relationship between the single-leg knee-extensor ergometry (KE) and the single-leg cycle ergometry (CE). Ten healthy college-aged men who engaged in regular physical activity visited the laboratory on 2 occasions separated by 7 days to perform either single-leg CE or single-leg KE in a randomized order. For each visit, subjects performed incremental exercise until voluntary fatigue. Electromyography electrodes were placed on the superficial QF muscles. The slope and y-intercept terms, for each muscle, for the EMG amplitude versus power output relationship was examined using the log-transformed model for each subject's data. The results indicated no significant (p > 0.05) mean differences for either slope or y-intercept terms between exercise modes and across muscles. In addition, separate repeated-measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were used to determine mean differences for the slope and y-intercept values between the 3 muscles. In addition, separate 2 (mode: CE or KE) × intensity (intensity: 30, 60, and 90% of maximal workload) repeated-measures ANOVAs were conducted for each muscle. There was a significant (p < 0.05) mode × exercise intensity interaction for each muscle. Follow-up testing indicated that in most cases, the normalized EMG amplitude was significantly higher for single-leg KE than single-leg CE. These results indicated that incremental single-leg KE activates the superficial QF muscles significantly greater than single-leg CE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1311-1319
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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