Lipoic acid entrains the hepatic circadian clock and lipid metabolic proteins that have been desynchronized with advanced age

Dove Keith, Liam Finlay, Judy Butler, Luis Gómez, Eric Smith, Regis F Moreau, Tory Hagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is well established that lipid metabolism is controlled, in part, by circadian clocks. However, circadian clocks lose temporal precision with age and correlates with elevated incidence in dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome in older adults. Because our lab has shown that lipoic acid (LA) improves lipid homeostasis in aged animals, we hypothesized that LA affects the circadian clock to achieve these results. We fed 24 month old male F344 rats a diet supplemented with 0.2% (w/w) LA for 2 weeks prior to sacrifice and quantified hepatic circadian clock protein levels and clock-controlled lipid metabolic enzymes. LA treatment caused a significant phase-shift in the expression patterns of the circadian clock proteins Period (Per) 2, Brain and Muscle Arnt-Like1 (BMAL1), and Reverse Erythroblastosis virus (Rev-erb) β without altering the amplitude of protein levels during the light phase of the day. LA also significantly altered the oscillatory patterns of clock-controlled proteins associated with lipid metabolism. The level of peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor (PPAR) α was significantly increased and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were both significantly reduced, suggesting that the LA-supplemented aged animals are in a catabolic state. We conclude that LA remediates some of the dyslipidemic processes associated with advanced age, and this mechanism may be at least partially through entrainment of circadian clocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-329
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume450
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2014

Fingerprint

Thioctic Acid
Circadian Clocks
Clocks
Lipids
Liver
Proteins
Lipid Metabolism
Animals
Period Circadian Proteins
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Fatty Acid Synthases
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Inbred F344 Rats
Nutrition
Dyslipidemias
Viruses
Phase shift
Muscle
Rats
Brain

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Circadian
  • Corticosterone
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Entrainment
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lipoic acid entrains the hepatic circadian clock and lipid metabolic proteins that have been desynchronized with advanced age. / Keith, Dove; Finlay, Liam; Butler, Judy; Gómez, Luis; Smith, Eric; Moreau, Regis F; Hagen, Tory.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 450, No. 1, 18.07.2014, p. 324-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keith, Dove ; Finlay, Liam ; Butler, Judy ; Gómez, Luis ; Smith, Eric ; Moreau, Regis F ; Hagen, Tory. / Lipoic acid entrains the hepatic circadian clock and lipid metabolic proteins that have been desynchronized with advanced age. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 2014 ; Vol. 450, No. 1. pp. 324-329.
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