Lin28a regulates neurogliogenesis in mammalian retina through the Igf signaling

Xiaohuan Xia, Pooja Teotia, Iqbal Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the developing central nervous system (CNS) the majority of neurons are born before the generation of glia. Emerging evidence implicates heterochronic gene, Lin28 in the temporal switch between two distinct lineages. However, the respective contributions of Lin28a and Lin28b in neurogliogenesis remain poorly understood. Here, we have examined the relative involvement of Lin28a and Lin28b in mammalian retina, a simple and accessible CNS model where neurogliogenic decision largely occurs postnatally. Examination of Lin28a/b involvement during late histogenesis by the perturbation of function approaches revealed that while Lin28b did not influence differentiation in general Lin28a facilitated and antagonized the generation of neurons and glia, respectively. Silencing of Lin28a expression in vitro and its conditional deletion in vivo during early histogenesis led to premature generation of glia. The instructive role of Lin28a on neuronal differentiation was revealed by its influence to suppress glial-specific genes and directly differentiate glia along the neuronal lineage. This function of Lin28a is likely mediated through the Igf signaling, as inhibition of the pathway abrogated Lin28a-mediated neurogliogenesis. Thus, our observations suggest that Lin28a is an important intrinsic factor that acts in concert with cell-extrinsic factors like Igfs, coordinating the developmental bias of the progenitors and niche, respectively, for the successive generation of neurons and glia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-128
Number of pages16
JournalDevelopmental Biology
Volume440
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2018

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Keywords

  • IGF signaling
  • LIN28
  • Muller glia
  • Neurogliogenesis
  • RNA seq
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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