Lightweight composites from long wheat straw and polypropylene web

Yi Zou, Shah Huda, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Whole and split wheat straws (WS) with length up to 10 cm have been used with polypropylene (PP) webs to make lightweight composites with properties superior to jute-PP composites with the same density. The effect of WS concentration, WS length, and split configuration (half, quarter, and mechanically split) on flexural and tensile properties of the composites has been investigated. The sound absorption properties of composites from whole straw and split straw have been studied. Compared with whole WS-PP composites, mechanically split WS-PP composites have 69% higher flexural strength, 39% higher modulus of elasticity, 18% higher impact resistance properties, 69% higher tensile strength and 26% higher Young's modulus. Compared with jute-PP composites, mechanically split WS-PP composites have 114% higher flexural strength, 38% higher modulus of elasticity, 10% higher tensile strength, 140% higher Young's modulus, better sound absorption properties and 50% lower impact resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2026-2033
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Straw
straw
wheat
Composite materials
Elastic moduli
Jute fibers
Impact resistance
Young modulus
tensile strength
Bending strength
elasticity
Tensile strength
Acoustic waves
Tensile properties

Keywords

  • Agricultural byproduct
  • Lightweight composites
  • Polypropylene web
  • Renewable resource
  • Wheat straw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Lightweight composites from long wheat straw and polypropylene web. / Zou, Yi; Huda, Shah; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 101, No. 6, 03.2010, p. 2026-2033.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zou, Yi ; Huda, Shah ; Yang, Yiqi. / Lightweight composites from long wheat straw and polypropylene web. In: Bioresource Technology. 2010 ; Vol. 101, No. 6. pp. 2026-2033.
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