Lead in drinking water: Sampling in primary schools and preschools in south central kansas

Anne R. Massey, Janet E. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies in Philadelphia, New York City, Houston, Washington, DC, and Greenville, North Carolina, have revealed high lead levels in drinking water. Unlike urban areas, lead levels in drinking water in suburban and rural areas have not been adequately studied. In the study described in this article, drinking water in primary schools and preschools in five suburban and rural south central Kansas towns was sampled to determine if any exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) guidance level for schools and child care facilities of 20 parts per billion (ppb). The results showed a total of 32.1% of the samples had detectable lead levels and 3.6% exceeded the U.S. EPA guidance level for schools and child care providers of 20 ppb. These results indicate that about one-third of the drinking water consumed by children age six and under in the five suburban and rural south central Kansas towns studied has some lead contamination, exposing these children to both short-term and longterm health risks. The authors suggest a need for increased surveillance of children's drinking water in these facilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Volume74
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

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Drinking Water
drinking water
sampling
United States Environmental Protection Agency
child care
Child Care
suburban area
health risk
rural area
urban area
school
Lead
Health
environmental protection agency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Lead in drinking water : Sampling in primary schools and preschools in south central kansas. / Massey, Anne R.; Steele, Janet E.

In: Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 74, No. 7, 01.03.2012, p. 16-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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