Language treatment prior to anterior temporal lobe surgery: Can naming skills be preserved?

Diane L. Kendall, Irene Minkina, Lauren Bislick, Thomas J. Grabowski, Vaishali Phatak, Joann P. Silkes, Jeffrey G. Ojemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epilepsy affects 1% of the general population and is highly prevalent among Veterans. The purpose of this phase I study was to investigate a presurgical linguistically distributed language treatment program that could potentially diminish effects of proper-name retrieval deficits following left anterior temporal lobe resection for intractable epilepsy. A single-subject multiple-baseline design was employed for three individuals with late-onset chronic left temporal lobe epilepsy. Word retrieval treatment was administered prior to anterior temporal lobe resection. The primary outcome measure was confrontation naming of proper nouns. Immediately posttreatment (before surgery), there was a positive effect for all trained stimuli in the form of improved naming as compared with pretreatment. In addition, trained stimuli were found to be better after surgery than they were at pretreatment baseline, which would not be expected had language treatment not been provided. This series of case studies introduces two fundamentally novel concepts: that commonly occurring deficits associated with left temporal lobe epilepsy can be treated despite the presence of damaged neural tissue and that providing this treatment prior to surgery can lead to better preservation of language function after surgery than would be expected if the treatment were not provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-826
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Temporal Lobe
Language
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Therapeutics
Veterans
Names
Epilepsy
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Population

Keywords

  • Anterior temporal lobe
  • Aphasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Language
  • Language treatment
  • Name retrieval
  • Proper noun naming
  • Rehabilitation
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Language treatment prior to anterior temporal lobe surgery : Can naming skills be preserved? / Kendall, Diane L.; Minkina, Irene; Bislick, Lauren; Grabowski, Thomas J.; Phatak, Vaishali; Silkes, Joann P.; Ojemann, Jeffrey G.

In: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, Vol. 53, No. 6, 01.01.2016, p. 813-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kendall, Diane L. ; Minkina, Irene ; Bislick, Lauren ; Grabowski, Thomas J. ; Phatak, Vaishali ; Silkes, Joann P. ; Ojemann, Jeffrey G. / Language treatment prior to anterior temporal lobe surgery : Can naming skills be preserved?. In: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 2016 ; Vol. 53, No. 6. pp. 813-826.
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