Japanese and American perceptions of group entitativity and autonomy: A multilevel analysis

Koichi Kurebayashi, Lesa Hoffman, Carey S. Ryan, Aya Murayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors examined cross-cultural differences in the relationships of essence and dynamic group properties to perceived group entitativity (i.e., perceived "groupiness") and the influence of entitativity, essence properties, and dynamic properties on group autonomy beliefs. American and Japanese college students completed questionnaires that assessed perceptions of essence properties (e.g., similarities in group members' physical and personality traits), dynamic properties (e.g., common goals and outcomes), entitativity, and autonomy for nine target groups. Multilevel analyses indicated that essence and dynamic properties predicted entitativity among both Americans and Japanese. However, between-person effects indicated that essence properties more strongly predicted entitativity in the United States than in Japan, whereas within-person effects indicated that dynamic properties more strongly predicted entitativity in Japan. Finally, dynamic properties and entitativity were independently associated with group autonomy and their effects were stronger when essence properties were high. However, as expected, these autonomy relationships were only evident in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-364
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

Multilevel Analysis
Asian Americans
multi-level analysis
Japan
autonomy
Personality
Group
Students
group dynamics
human being
target group
personality traits
cultural difference
group membership
questionnaire
student
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • cultural psychology
  • group processes
  • perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Japanese and American perceptions of group entitativity and autonomy : A multilevel analysis. / Kurebayashi, Koichi; Hoffman, Lesa; Ryan, Carey S.; Murayama, Aya.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 43, No. 2, 01.02.2012, p. 349-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurebayashi, Koichi ; Hoffman, Lesa ; Ryan, Carey S. ; Murayama, Aya. / Japanese and American perceptions of group entitativity and autonomy : A multilevel analysis. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 43, No. 2. pp. 349-364.
@article{f2e8949a4b0d4618bf6e7cec177b1693,
title = "Japanese and American perceptions of group entitativity and autonomy: A multilevel analysis",
abstract = "The authors examined cross-cultural differences in the relationships of essence and dynamic group properties to perceived group entitativity (i.e., perceived {"}groupiness{"}) and the influence of entitativity, essence properties, and dynamic properties on group autonomy beliefs. American and Japanese college students completed questionnaires that assessed perceptions of essence properties (e.g., similarities in group members' physical and personality traits), dynamic properties (e.g., common goals and outcomes), entitativity, and autonomy for nine target groups. Multilevel analyses indicated that essence and dynamic properties predicted entitativity among both Americans and Japanese. However, between-person effects indicated that essence properties more strongly predicted entitativity in the United States than in Japan, whereas within-person effects indicated that dynamic properties more strongly predicted entitativity in Japan. Finally, dynamic properties and entitativity were independently associated with group autonomy and their effects were stronger when essence properties were high. However, as expected, these autonomy relationships were only evident in the United States.",
keywords = "cultural psychology, group processes, perception",
author = "Koichi Kurebayashi and Lesa Hoffman and Ryan, {Carey S.} and Aya Murayama",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0022022110388566",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "349--364",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
issn = "0022-0221",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Japanese and American perceptions of group entitativity and autonomy

T2 - A multilevel analysis

AU - Kurebayashi, Koichi

AU - Hoffman, Lesa

AU - Ryan, Carey S.

AU - Murayama, Aya

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - The authors examined cross-cultural differences in the relationships of essence and dynamic group properties to perceived group entitativity (i.e., perceived "groupiness") and the influence of entitativity, essence properties, and dynamic properties on group autonomy beliefs. American and Japanese college students completed questionnaires that assessed perceptions of essence properties (e.g., similarities in group members' physical and personality traits), dynamic properties (e.g., common goals and outcomes), entitativity, and autonomy for nine target groups. Multilevel analyses indicated that essence and dynamic properties predicted entitativity among both Americans and Japanese. However, between-person effects indicated that essence properties more strongly predicted entitativity in the United States than in Japan, whereas within-person effects indicated that dynamic properties more strongly predicted entitativity in Japan. Finally, dynamic properties and entitativity were independently associated with group autonomy and their effects were stronger when essence properties were high. However, as expected, these autonomy relationships were only evident in the United States.

AB - The authors examined cross-cultural differences in the relationships of essence and dynamic group properties to perceived group entitativity (i.e., perceived "groupiness") and the influence of entitativity, essence properties, and dynamic properties on group autonomy beliefs. American and Japanese college students completed questionnaires that assessed perceptions of essence properties (e.g., similarities in group members' physical and personality traits), dynamic properties (e.g., common goals and outcomes), entitativity, and autonomy for nine target groups. Multilevel analyses indicated that essence and dynamic properties predicted entitativity among both Americans and Japanese. However, between-person effects indicated that essence properties more strongly predicted entitativity in the United States than in Japan, whereas within-person effects indicated that dynamic properties more strongly predicted entitativity in Japan. Finally, dynamic properties and entitativity were independently associated with group autonomy and their effects were stronger when essence properties were high. However, as expected, these autonomy relationships were only evident in the United States.

KW - cultural psychology

KW - group processes

KW - perception

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855573947&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84855573947&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0022022110388566

DO - 10.1177/0022022110388566

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84855573947

VL - 43

SP - 349

EP - 364

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 2

ER -