Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes

Linda M. Bradley, Valérie C. Asensio, Li Karine Schioetz, Judith Harbertson, Troy Krahl, Gail Patstone, Nigel Woolf, Iain L. Campbell, Nora E Sarvetnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Migration of CD4 cells into the pancreas represents a hallmark event in the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Th1, but not Th2, cells are associated with pathogenesis leading to destruction of islet β- cells and disease onset. Lymphocyte extravasation from blood into tissue is regulated by multiple adhesion receptor/counter-receptor pairs and chemokines. To identify events that regulate entry of CD4 cells into the pancreas, we transferred Th1 or Th2 cells induced in vitro from islet- specific TCR transgenic CD4 cells into immunodeficient (NOD.scid) recipients. Although both subsets infiltrated the pancreas and elicited multiple adhesion receptors (peripheral lymph node addressin, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, LFA-1, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1) on vascular endothelium, entry/accumulation of Th1 cells was more rapid than that of Th2 cells, and only Th1 cells induced diabetes. In vitro, Th1 cells were also distinguished from Th2 cells by the capacity to synthesize several chemokines that included lymphotactin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, whereas both subsets produced macrophage inflammatory protein-1β. Some of these chemokines as well as RANTES, MCP-3, MCP-5, and cytokine-response gene-2 (CRG-2)/IFN-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) were associated with Th1, but not Th2, pancreatic infiltrates. The data demonstrate polarization of chemokine expression by Th1 vs Th2 cells, which, within the microenvironment of the pancreas, accounts for distinctive inflammatory infiltrates that determine whether insulin-producing β-cells are protected or destroyed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2511-2520
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume162
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Th2 Cells
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Chemokines
Th1 Cells
Pancreas
Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
Chemokine CCL5
Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Chemokine CCL2
Chemokine Receptors
Vascular Endothelium
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Islets of Langerhans
Cell Movement
Lymphocytes
Insulin
Cytokines
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Bradley, L. M., Asensio, V. C., Schioetz, L. K., Harbertson, J., Krahl, T., Patstone, G., ... Sarvetnick, N. E. (1999). Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes. Journal of Immunology, 162(5), 2511-2520.

Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes. / Bradley, Linda M.; Asensio, Valérie C.; Schioetz, Li Karine; Harbertson, Judith; Krahl, Troy; Patstone, Gail; Woolf, Nigel; Campbell, Iain L.; Sarvetnick, Nora E.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 162, No. 5, 01.03.1999, p. 2511-2520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bradley, LM, Asensio, VC, Schioetz, LK, Harbertson, J, Krahl, T, Patstone, G, Woolf, N, Campbell, IL & Sarvetnick, NE 1999, 'Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes', Journal of Immunology, vol. 162, no. 5, pp. 2511-2520.
Bradley LM, Asensio VC, Schioetz LK, Harbertson J, Krahl T, Patstone G et al. Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes. Journal of Immunology. 1999 Mar 1;162(5):2511-2520.
Bradley, Linda M. ; Asensio, Valérie C. ; Schioetz, Li Karine ; Harbertson, Judith ; Krahl, Troy ; Patstone, Gail ; Woolf, Nigel ; Campbell, Iain L. ; Sarvetnick, Nora E. / Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes. In: Journal of Immunology. 1999 ; Vol. 162, No. 5. pp. 2511-2520.
@article{05409904832c437b940767cc36ce2471,
title = "Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes",
abstract = "Migration of CD4 cells into the pancreas represents a hallmark event in the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Th1, but not Th2, cells are associated with pathogenesis leading to destruction of islet β- cells and disease onset. Lymphocyte extravasation from blood into tissue is regulated by multiple adhesion receptor/counter-receptor pairs and chemokines. To identify events that regulate entry of CD4 cells into the pancreas, we transferred Th1 or Th2 cells induced in vitro from islet- specific TCR transgenic CD4 cells into immunodeficient (NOD.scid) recipients. Although both subsets infiltrated the pancreas and elicited multiple adhesion receptors (peripheral lymph node addressin, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, LFA-1, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1) on vascular endothelium, entry/accumulation of Th1 cells was more rapid than that of Th2 cells, and only Th1 cells induced diabetes. In vitro, Th1 cells were also distinguished from Th2 cells by the capacity to synthesize several chemokines that included lymphotactin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, whereas both subsets produced macrophage inflammatory protein-1β. Some of these chemokines as well as RANTES, MCP-3, MCP-5, and cytokine-response gene-2 (CRG-2)/IFN-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) were associated with Th1, but not Th2, pancreatic infiltrates. The data demonstrate polarization of chemokine expression by Th1 vs Th2 cells, which, within the microenvironment of the pancreas, accounts for distinctive inflammatory infiltrates that determine whether insulin-producing β-cells are protected or destroyed.",
author = "Bradley, {Linda M.} and Asensio, {Val{\'e}rie C.} and Schioetz, {Li Karine} and Judith Harbertson and Troy Krahl and Gail Patstone and Nigel Woolf and Campbell, {Iain L.} and Sarvetnick, {Nora E}",
year = "1999",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "162",
pages = "2511--2520",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Islet-specific Th1, but not Th2, cells secrete multiple chemokines and promote rapid induction of autoimmune diabetes

AU - Bradley, Linda M.

AU - Asensio, Valérie C.

AU - Schioetz, Li Karine

AU - Harbertson, Judith

AU - Krahl, Troy

AU - Patstone, Gail

AU - Woolf, Nigel

AU - Campbell, Iain L.

AU - Sarvetnick, Nora E

PY - 1999/3/1

Y1 - 1999/3/1

N2 - Migration of CD4 cells into the pancreas represents a hallmark event in the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Th1, but not Th2, cells are associated with pathogenesis leading to destruction of islet β- cells and disease onset. Lymphocyte extravasation from blood into tissue is regulated by multiple adhesion receptor/counter-receptor pairs and chemokines. To identify events that regulate entry of CD4 cells into the pancreas, we transferred Th1 or Th2 cells induced in vitro from islet- specific TCR transgenic CD4 cells into immunodeficient (NOD.scid) recipients. Although both subsets infiltrated the pancreas and elicited multiple adhesion receptors (peripheral lymph node addressin, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, LFA-1, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1) on vascular endothelium, entry/accumulation of Th1 cells was more rapid than that of Th2 cells, and only Th1 cells induced diabetes. In vitro, Th1 cells were also distinguished from Th2 cells by the capacity to synthesize several chemokines that included lymphotactin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, whereas both subsets produced macrophage inflammatory protein-1β. Some of these chemokines as well as RANTES, MCP-3, MCP-5, and cytokine-response gene-2 (CRG-2)/IFN-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) were associated with Th1, but not Th2, pancreatic infiltrates. The data demonstrate polarization of chemokine expression by Th1 vs Th2 cells, which, within the microenvironment of the pancreas, accounts for distinctive inflammatory infiltrates that determine whether insulin-producing β-cells are protected or destroyed.

AB - Migration of CD4 cells into the pancreas represents a hallmark event in the development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Th1, but not Th2, cells are associated with pathogenesis leading to destruction of islet β- cells and disease onset. Lymphocyte extravasation from blood into tissue is regulated by multiple adhesion receptor/counter-receptor pairs and chemokines. To identify events that regulate entry of CD4 cells into the pancreas, we transferred Th1 or Th2 cells induced in vitro from islet- specific TCR transgenic CD4 cells into immunodeficient (NOD.scid) recipients. Although both subsets infiltrated the pancreas and elicited multiple adhesion receptors (peripheral lymph node addressin, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, LFA-1, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1) on vascular endothelium, entry/accumulation of Th1 cells was more rapid than that of Th2 cells, and only Th1 cells induced diabetes. In vitro, Th1 cells were also distinguished from Th2 cells by the capacity to synthesize several chemokines that included lymphotactin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, whereas both subsets produced macrophage inflammatory protein-1β. Some of these chemokines as well as RANTES, MCP-3, MCP-5, and cytokine-response gene-2 (CRG-2)/IFN-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) were associated with Th1, but not Th2, pancreatic infiltrates. The data demonstrate polarization of chemokine expression by Th1 vs Th2 cells, which, within the microenvironment of the pancreas, accounts for distinctive inflammatory infiltrates that determine whether insulin-producing β-cells are protected or destroyed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033104725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033104725&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 162

SP - 2511

EP - 2520

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 5

ER -