Is there a role for oral human immunoglobulin in the treatment for norovirus enteritis in immunocompromised patients?

Diana F. Florescu, Elizabeth D. Hermsen, Joong Y. Kwon, Dalal Gumeel, Wendy J. Grant, David F. Mercer, Andre C. Kalil

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

No treatment for NVE is available. Immunocompromised patients with NVE treated with OHIG (12 cases) were retrospectively identified and matched 1:1 by age and gender with immunocompromised patients with NVE not treated with OHIG (12 controls). Chi-squared test, t-test, bivariate conditional linear regression analyses, and Kaplan-Meier curve were performed. A total of 58.3% patients were small bowel transplant (SBT) recipients. Although not statistically significant, cases compared with controls were more likely to have had induction therapy (p = 0.25, OR = 65.3), higher peak tacrolimus levels (p = 0.43, OR = 1.04), SBT (p = 0.30, OR = 65.3), prior NVE (p = 0.42, OR = 2.0), TPN support (p = 0.42 OR = 2.0), and decrease in immunosuppression (p = 0.14, OR = 5.0). Treatment with OHIG favored resolution of diarrhea (p = 0.078, OR = 65.3) and decreased stool output seven days after treatment compared with controls (mean difference 11.95 mL/kg/day, p = 0.09). OHIG did not impact total time to resolution of diarrhea (mean 12.08 vs. 11.91 days; p = 0.63), length of hospital stay (p = 0.31, OR = 1.05), or cost of hospitalization (p = 0.32, OR = 1.0). We show a potential role of OHIG treatment for NVE. Resolution of diarrhea and decreased stool output were observed at seven days; no benefit was found for length of hospital stay or hospital cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)718-721
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

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Keywords

  • immunocompromised
  • immunoglobulin
  • norovirus enteritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation

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