Invited Article: An integrated mid-infrared, far-infrared, and terahertz optical Hall effect instrument

P. Kühne, C. M. Herzinger, Mathias Schubert, John A Woollam, T. Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the development of the first integrated mid-infrared, far-infrared, and terahertz optical Hall effect instrument, covering an ultra wide spectral range from 3 cm-1 to 7000 cm-1 (0.1-210 THz or 0.4-870 meV). The instrument comprises four sub-systems, where the magneto-cryostat-transfer sub-system enables the usage of the magneto-cryostat sub-system with the mid-infrared ellipsometer sub-system, and the far-infrared/terahertz ellipsometer sub-system. Both ellipsometer sub-systems can be used as variable angle-of-incidence spectroscopic ellipsometers in reflection or transmission mode, and are equipped with multiple light sources and detectors. The ellipsometer sub-systems are operated in polarizer-sample- rotating-analyzer configuration granting access to the upper left 3 × 3 block of the normalized 4 × 4 Mueller matrix. The closed cycle magneto-cryostat sub-system provides sample temperatures between room temperature and 1.4 K and magnetic fields up to 8 T, enabling the detection of transverse and longitudinal magnetic field-induced birefringence. We discuss theoretical background and practical realization of the integrated mid-infrared, far-infrared, and terahertz optical Hall effect instrument, as well as acquisition of optical Hall effect data and the corresponding model analysis procedures. Exemplarily, epitaxial graphene grown on 6H-SiC, a tellurium doped bulk GaAs sample and an AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor structure are investigated. The selected experimental datasets display the full spectral, magnetic field and temperature range of the instrument and demonstrate data analysis strategies. Effects from free charge carriers in two dimensional confinement and in a volume material, as well as quantum mechanical effects (inter-Landau-level transitions) are observed and discussed exemplarily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number071301
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume85
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

ellipsometers
Hall effect
Infrared radiation
cryostats
Cryostats
Magnetic fields
magnetic fields
closed cycles
Plasma confinement
tellurium
polarizers
high electron mobility transistors
Tellurium
High electron mobility transistors
birefringence
charge carriers
Photodetectors
Birefringence
analyzers
Charge carriers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Invited Article : An integrated mid-infrared, far-infrared, and terahertz optical Hall effect instrument. / Kühne, P.; Herzinger, C. M.; Schubert, Mathias; Woollam, John A; Hofmann, T.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, No. 7, 071301, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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