Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure

Ira H. Bernstein, Gary Teng, Bruce D. Grannemann, Calvin P. Garbin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bernstein and Garbin (1985b) suggested that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory's major clinical scales (excluding Scales ? and 5) can be approximated by an oblique three-component structure: (a) Profile Elevation, (b) Test-taking Attitudes, and (c) Optimism-Pessimism, collectively termed the salient weight model. In this study, we found that both this model and the MMPI's principal component structure remain invariant across race, sex, and, as previously noted, context of testing (job applicants vs. inmates in correctional institutions). We further noted that several alternative definitions of Profile Elevation provide equally satisfactory representation of the relations among the scales. This factor invariance is necessary, but not sufficient, for the MMPI to be viewed as unbiased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)522-531
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1987

Fingerprint

MMPI
Weights and Measures
Invariance
Elevation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Bernstein, I. H., Teng, G., Grannemann, B. D., & Garbin, C. P. (1987). Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51(4), 522-531. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4

Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure. / Bernstein, Ira H.; Teng, Gary; Grannemann, Bruce D.; Garbin, Calvin P.

In: Journal of Personality Assessment, Vol. 51, No. 4, 12.1987, p. 522-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bernstein, IH, Teng, G, Grannemann, BD & Garbin, CP 1987, 'Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure', Journal of Personality Assessment, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 522-531. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4
Bernstein, Ira H. ; Teng, Gary ; Grannemann, Bruce D. ; Garbin, Calvin P. / Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure. In: Journal of Personality Assessment. 1987 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 522-531.
@article{3fcf793690d547d08b01cae3b956ecb8,
title = "Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure",
abstract = "Bernstein and Garbin (1985b) suggested that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory's major clinical scales (excluding Scales ? and 5) can be approximated by an oblique three-component structure: (a) Profile Elevation, (b) Test-taking Attitudes, and (c) Optimism-Pessimism, collectively termed the salient weight model. In this study, we found that both this model and the MMPI's principal component structure remain invariant across race, sex, and, as previously noted, context of testing (job applicants vs. inmates in correctional institutions). We further noted that several alternative definitions of Profile Elevation provide equally satisfactory representation of the relations among the scales. This factor invariance is necessary, but not sufficient, for the MMPI to be viewed as unbiased.",
author = "Bernstein, {Ira H.} and Gary Teng and Grannemann, {Bruce D.} and Garbin, {Calvin P.}",
year = "1987",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "522--531",
journal = "Journal of Personality Assessment",
issn = "0022-3891",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Invariance in the MMPI's Component Structure

AU - Bernstein, Ira H.

AU - Teng, Gary

AU - Grannemann, Bruce D.

AU - Garbin, Calvin P.

PY - 1987/12

Y1 - 1987/12

N2 - Bernstein and Garbin (1985b) suggested that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory's major clinical scales (excluding Scales ? and 5) can be approximated by an oblique three-component structure: (a) Profile Elevation, (b) Test-taking Attitudes, and (c) Optimism-Pessimism, collectively termed the salient weight model. In this study, we found that both this model and the MMPI's principal component structure remain invariant across race, sex, and, as previously noted, context of testing (job applicants vs. inmates in correctional institutions). We further noted that several alternative definitions of Profile Elevation provide equally satisfactory representation of the relations among the scales. This factor invariance is necessary, but not sufficient, for the MMPI to be viewed as unbiased.

AB - Bernstein and Garbin (1985b) suggested that the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory's major clinical scales (excluding Scales ? and 5) can be approximated by an oblique three-component structure: (a) Profile Elevation, (b) Test-taking Attitudes, and (c) Optimism-Pessimism, collectively termed the salient weight model. In this study, we found that both this model and the MMPI's principal component structure remain invariant across race, sex, and, as previously noted, context of testing (job applicants vs. inmates in correctional institutions). We further noted that several alternative definitions of Profile Elevation provide equally satisfactory representation of the relations among the scales. This factor invariance is necessary, but not sufficient, for the MMPI to be viewed as unbiased.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023518549&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023518549&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4

DO - 10.1207/s15327752jpa5104_4

M3 - Article

C2 - 3681639

AN - SCOPUS:0023518549

VL - 51

SP - 522

EP - 531

JO - Journal of Personality Assessment

JF - Journal of Personality Assessment

SN - 0022-3891

IS - 4

ER -