Interactive effects within the prototype willingness model: Predicting the drinking behavior of indigenous early adolescents

Brian E. Armenta, Les B. Whitbeck, Kari C. Gentzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Drawing on the Prototype/Willingness Model of Adolescent Risk Behavior, we used longitudinal data collected from North American Indigenous early adolescents (ages 10-12 years) to examine the interactive effects of favorable drinker prototypes, perceived drinking norms, and past-year drinking behavior on subsequent drinking behavior (i.e., drinking behavior 1 year later and growth in drinking behavior from 1-5 years later). We found that the positive association between favorable drinker prototypes and drinking 1 year later was strongest for adolescents who were high in past-year drinking and perceived low drinking norms. The interaction pattern for growth in drinking was more complex and suggested an important pattern; specifically, favorable drinker prototypes were positively associated with drinking 5 years later, but only for adolescents who reported no past-year drinking and perceived low drinking norms. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016



  • Adolescents
  • Canadian first nations
  • Drinking
  • Native americans
  • Prototype/willingness model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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