Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor

Lingling Hu, Yan Xi, Guigen Liu, Wei Peng, Ming Han

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate an intensity-demodulated distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber-laser sensor for ultrasonic detection. The DBR laser is formed by two distinctively different fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) written on an erbium-doped fiber. One of the FBGs is short but relatively strong with sharp spectral edges and is used as the sensing element; the other one is long but relatively weak, leading to a narrow reflection bandwidth that sets the lasing wavelength on the spectral slope of the sensing FBG. The acoustic signal causes spectral shifts of the sensing FBG, which consequently modulates the cold cavity loss of the DBR fiber laser and results in laser intensity variations in response to the cold cavity loss variations. Therefore, the ultrasonic signal can be directly detected from the laser intensity variations. The intensity demodulation method leads to a simple-structure and low cost ultrasonic sensor system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition
PublisherSoc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering
Volume2015-January
ISBN (Electronic)9781934551196
StatePublished - 2015
EventSAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition - Baltimore, United States
Duration: May 18 2015May 21 2015

Other

OtherSAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period5/18/155/21/15

Fingerprint

Ultrasonic sensors
Fiber Bragg gratings
Fiber lasers
DBR lasers
Resonators
Ultrasonics
Erbium
Lasers
Demodulation
Acoustics
Bandwidth
Wavelength
Fibers
Sensors
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Hu, L., Xi, Y., Liu, G., Peng, W., & Han, M. (2015). Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor. In SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition (Vol. 2015-January). Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering.

Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor. / Hu, Lingling; Xi, Yan; Liu, Guigen; Peng, Wei; Han, Ming.

SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition. Vol. 2015-January Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hu, L, Xi, Y, Liu, G, Peng, W & Han, M 2015, Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor. in SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition. vol. 2015-January, Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition, Baltimore, United States, 5/18/15.
Hu L, Xi Y, Liu G, Peng W, Han M. Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor. In SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition. Vol. 2015-January. Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering. 2015
Hu, Lingling ; Xi, Yan ; Liu, Guigen ; Peng, Wei ; Han, Ming. / Intensity-demodulated distributed bragg resonator fiber laser ultrasonic sensor. SAMPE Baltimore 2015 Conference and Exhibition. Vol. 2015-January Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, 2015.
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AB - We propose and demonstrate an intensity-demodulated distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber-laser sensor for ultrasonic detection. The DBR laser is formed by two distinctively different fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) written on an erbium-doped fiber. One of the FBGs is short but relatively strong with sharp spectral edges and is used as the sensing element; the other one is long but relatively weak, leading to a narrow reflection bandwidth that sets the lasing wavelength on the spectral slope of the sensing FBG. The acoustic signal causes spectral shifts of the sensing FBG, which consequently modulates the cold cavity loss of the DBR fiber laser and results in laser intensity variations in response to the cold cavity loss variations. Therefore, the ultrasonic signal can be directly detected from the laser intensity variations. The intensity demodulation method leads to a simple-structure and low cost ultrasonic sensor system.

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