Integral nursing: An emerging framework for engaging the evolution of the profession

Kathryn Fiandt, John Forman, Mary Erickson Megel, Ruth A. Pakieser, Stephanie Burge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


These are turbulent times for health care as well as nursing. Nursing needs to consciously evolve to survive and thrive in the 21st century. The authors suggest that nursing has many of the theoretical and conceptual models needed to facilitate this evolution. However, the profession would benefit from the addition of a comprehensive framework that can integrate various aspects of nursing and serve as a device to effectively interface nursing with the rest of the health care system. We believe that the Integral Nursing approach described here is such a framework. In this article, we describe the model and explore benefits of its application for nursing within health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalNursing outlook
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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