Informed decision-making on sympathomimetic use in sport and health

Ron Bouchard, Anna R. Weber, Jonathan D. Geiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The International Olympic Committee, the World Anti-Doping Agency, and International Sport Federations have banned and restricted the use of many stimulants including prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements. In addition to elite athletes, people of all ages use stimulants in attempts to improve athletic performance, alter body composition, and increase levels of energy. Here we introduce a seven-stage model designed to facilitate informed decision-making by individuals taking or thinking of taking stimulants for sport, health, and/or appearance reasons. We review for amphetamines, over-the counter sympathomimetics, and caffeine their performance-enhancing and performance-degrading effects, health benefits and mechanisms of action, medical side effects, and legal, ethical, safety, and financial implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-224
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2002

Fingerprint

Sympathomimetics
Sports
Decision Making
International Agencies
Amphetamines
Athletic Performance
Health
Insurance Benefits
Dietary Supplements
Body Composition
Caffeine
Athletes
Prescriptions
Safety
Thinking

Keywords

  • Amphetamine
  • Athletic performance
  • Caffeine
  • Ephedra
  • Ephedrine
  • Exercise
  • Ma Huang
  • Pseudoephedrine
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Informed decision-making on sympathomimetic use in sport and health. / Bouchard, Ron; Weber, Anna R.; Geiger, Jonathan D.

In: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 4, 20.07.2002, p. 209-224.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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