Informational masking for multicomponent maskers with spectral gaps

D. L. Neff, T. M. Dethlefs, Walt Jesteadt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous maskers comprised of a few random-frequency sinusoids can produce considerable informational (uncertainty-based) masking if the component frequencies are drawn from a wide range and changed with each stimulus presentation. The present experiments examined the effect on informational masking of removing masker energy from large frequency regions around the signal. Threshold for a 1000-Hz signal was measured in the presence of maskers comprised of 2, 4, 6, 10, 50, or 100 random-frequency sinusoids, notched-noise, or two fixed-frequency sinusoids. The multicomponent maskers had a maximum frequency range of 300–3000 Hz, typically excluding a 160-Hz band around the signal. In comparison conditions, masker frequencies were limited to the high or low side of the signal, or the gap around the signal was progressively widened. Four listeners showed substantial informational masking which was not eliminated even by extreme spectral gaps in the maskers. Four other listeners showed much smaller effects of masker uncertainty across all conditions. Notched-noise measures of auditory-filter width did not distinguish the two subject groups, but indices of processing efficiency were typically poorer for the high-threshold listeners, as were measures of both the width and processing efficiency of presumed “attentional filters” under conditions of masker-frequency uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3112-3126
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1993

Fingerprint

masking
sine waves
filters
thresholds
Spectrality
Masking
stimuli
frequency ranges
Listeners
Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Informational masking for multicomponent maskers with spectral gaps. / Neff, D. L.; Dethlefs, T. M.; Jesteadt, Walt.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 94, No. 6, 12.1993, p. 3112-3126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{da4e71f12d8e4cc59ac39bfdb4115644,
title = "Informational masking for multicomponent maskers with spectral gaps",
abstract = "Simultaneous maskers comprised of a few random-frequency sinusoids can produce considerable informational (uncertainty-based) masking if the component frequencies are drawn from a wide range and changed with each stimulus presentation. The present experiments examined the effect on informational masking of removing masker energy from large frequency regions around the signal. Threshold for a 1000-Hz signal was measured in the presence of maskers comprised of 2, 4, 6, 10, 50, or 100 random-frequency sinusoids, notched-noise, or two fixed-frequency sinusoids. The multicomponent maskers had a maximum frequency range of 300–3000 Hz, typically excluding a 160-Hz band around the signal. In comparison conditions, masker frequencies were limited to the high or low side of the signal, or the gap around the signal was progressively widened. Four listeners showed substantial informational masking which was not eliminated even by extreme spectral gaps in the maskers. Four other listeners showed much smaller effects of masker uncertainty across all conditions. Notched-noise measures of auditory-filter width did not distinguish the two subject groups, but indices of processing efficiency were typically poorer for the high-threshold listeners, as were measures of both the width and processing efficiency of presumed “attentional filters” under conditions of masker-frequency uncertainty.",
author = "Neff, {D. L.} and Dethlefs, {T. M.} and Walt Jesteadt",
year = "1993",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1121/1.407217",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "94",
pages = "3112--3126",
journal = "Journal of the Acoustical Society of America",
issn = "0001-4966",
publisher = "Acoustical Society of America",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Informational masking for multicomponent maskers with spectral gaps

AU - Neff, D. L.

AU - Dethlefs, T. M.

AU - Jesteadt, Walt

PY - 1993/12

Y1 - 1993/12

N2 - Simultaneous maskers comprised of a few random-frequency sinusoids can produce considerable informational (uncertainty-based) masking if the component frequencies are drawn from a wide range and changed with each stimulus presentation. The present experiments examined the effect on informational masking of removing masker energy from large frequency regions around the signal. Threshold for a 1000-Hz signal was measured in the presence of maskers comprised of 2, 4, 6, 10, 50, or 100 random-frequency sinusoids, notched-noise, or two fixed-frequency sinusoids. The multicomponent maskers had a maximum frequency range of 300–3000 Hz, typically excluding a 160-Hz band around the signal. In comparison conditions, masker frequencies were limited to the high or low side of the signal, or the gap around the signal was progressively widened. Four listeners showed substantial informational masking which was not eliminated even by extreme spectral gaps in the maskers. Four other listeners showed much smaller effects of masker uncertainty across all conditions. Notched-noise measures of auditory-filter width did not distinguish the two subject groups, but indices of processing efficiency were typically poorer for the high-threshold listeners, as were measures of both the width and processing efficiency of presumed “attentional filters” under conditions of masker-frequency uncertainty.

AB - Simultaneous maskers comprised of a few random-frequency sinusoids can produce considerable informational (uncertainty-based) masking if the component frequencies are drawn from a wide range and changed with each stimulus presentation. The present experiments examined the effect on informational masking of removing masker energy from large frequency regions around the signal. Threshold for a 1000-Hz signal was measured in the presence of maskers comprised of 2, 4, 6, 10, 50, or 100 random-frequency sinusoids, notched-noise, or two fixed-frequency sinusoids. The multicomponent maskers had a maximum frequency range of 300–3000 Hz, typically excluding a 160-Hz band around the signal. In comparison conditions, masker frequencies were limited to the high or low side of the signal, or the gap around the signal was progressively widened. Four listeners showed substantial informational masking which was not eliminated even by extreme spectral gaps in the maskers. Four other listeners showed much smaller effects of masker uncertainty across all conditions. Notched-noise measures of auditory-filter width did not distinguish the two subject groups, but indices of processing efficiency were typically poorer for the high-threshold listeners, as were measures of both the width and processing efficiency of presumed “attentional filters” under conditions of masker-frequency uncertainty.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027144987&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027144987&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1121/1.407217

DO - 10.1121/1.407217

M3 - Article

C2 - 8300950

AN - SCOPUS:0027144987

VL - 94

SP - 3112

EP - 3126

JO - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

JF - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 6

ER -