Influences on UVR transmission of undyed woven fabrics

P. C. Crews, S. Kachman, A. G. Beyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Manufacturers of sun-protective clothing face a confusing array of information because the published literature contains many contradictory claims. This study was undertaken to shed more light on the influence of fiber type, fabric porosity, thickness, and thread count on the UVR-blocking properties of undyed fabrics. Results of this study show that fabric porosity, as estimated by image analysis, was the single best predictor of an undyed woven fabric's UVR-blocking properties. Fiber type and thickness also proved to be important determinants. Polyester, silk, and wool fabrics exhibited better UVR-blocking properties than cotton or rayon when porosity and thickness were taken into account. These findings will prove useful to manufacturers of sun-protective clothing who supply clothing to skin cancer victims and patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy. Designers of protective clothing for industrial welders and astronauts could also find the image analysis technique described useful for quantifying fabric porosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalTextile Chemist and Colorist
Volume31
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Protective clothing
Porosity
Sun
Image analysis
Polyesters
Rayon
Chemotherapy
Silk
Fibers
Wool
Cotton
Skin
Radiation

Keywords

  • Sun-protective clothing
  • UVR transmission
  • Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Influences on UVR transmission of undyed woven fabrics. / Crews, P. C.; Kachman, S.; Beyer, A. G.

In: Textile Chemist and Colorist, Vol. 31, No. 6, 01.01.1999, p. 17-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crews, P. C. ; Kachman, S. ; Beyer, A. G. / Influences on UVR transmission of undyed woven fabrics. In: Textile Chemist and Colorist. 1999 ; Vol. 31, No. 6. pp. 17-26.
@article{235d81f492334145907d2500d55d86d1,
title = "Influences on UVR transmission of undyed woven fabrics",
abstract = "Manufacturers of sun-protective clothing face a confusing array of information because the published literature contains many contradictory claims. This study was undertaken to shed more light on the influence of fiber type, fabric porosity, thickness, and thread count on the UVR-blocking properties of undyed fabrics. Results of this study show that fabric porosity, as estimated by image analysis, was the single best predictor of an undyed woven fabric's UVR-blocking properties. Fiber type and thickness also proved to be important determinants. Polyester, silk, and wool fabrics exhibited better UVR-blocking properties than cotton or rayon when porosity and thickness were taken into account. These findings will prove useful to manufacturers of sun-protective clothing who supply clothing to skin cancer victims and patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy. Designers of protective clothing for industrial welders and astronauts could also find the image analysis technique described useful for quantifying fabric porosity.",
keywords = "Sun-protective clothing, UVR transmission, Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF)",
author = "Crews, {P. C.} and S. Kachman and Beyer, {A. G.}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "17--26",
journal = "AATCC Review",
issn = "1532-8813",
publisher = "American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influences on UVR transmission of undyed woven fabrics

AU - Crews, P. C.

AU - Kachman, S.

AU - Beyer, A. G.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - Manufacturers of sun-protective clothing face a confusing array of information because the published literature contains many contradictory claims. This study was undertaken to shed more light on the influence of fiber type, fabric porosity, thickness, and thread count on the UVR-blocking properties of undyed fabrics. Results of this study show that fabric porosity, as estimated by image analysis, was the single best predictor of an undyed woven fabric's UVR-blocking properties. Fiber type and thickness also proved to be important determinants. Polyester, silk, and wool fabrics exhibited better UVR-blocking properties than cotton or rayon when porosity and thickness were taken into account. These findings will prove useful to manufacturers of sun-protective clothing who supply clothing to skin cancer victims and patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy. Designers of protective clothing for industrial welders and astronauts could also find the image analysis technique described useful for quantifying fabric porosity.

AB - Manufacturers of sun-protective clothing face a confusing array of information because the published literature contains many contradictory claims. This study was undertaken to shed more light on the influence of fiber type, fabric porosity, thickness, and thread count on the UVR-blocking properties of undyed fabrics. Results of this study show that fabric porosity, as estimated by image analysis, was the single best predictor of an undyed woven fabric's UVR-blocking properties. Fiber type and thickness also proved to be important determinants. Polyester, silk, and wool fabrics exhibited better UVR-blocking properties than cotton or rayon when porosity and thickness were taken into account. These findings will prove useful to manufacturers of sun-protective clothing who supply clothing to skin cancer victims and patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy. Designers of protective clothing for industrial welders and astronauts could also find the image analysis technique described useful for quantifying fabric porosity.

KW - Sun-protective clothing

KW - UVR transmission

KW - Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032882189&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032882189&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032882189

VL - 31

SP - 17

EP - 26

JO - AATCC Review

JF - AATCC Review

SN - 1532-8813

IS - 6

ER -