Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

D. R. Alexander, D. E. Poulain, M. S. Khlif, E. R. Cespedes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a rapid remote measurement method for determination of levels of metals in the environment. A major factor in the acceptance of this technique involves the detection limits under both laboratory and field operations. Research on limits of detection of heavy metals in different types of soils under various conditions using LIBS has been carried out. Pulses from a Nd:YAG laser operating at 150 mJ at λ = 1.06 μm are focused on sample surfaces to produce laser sparks (plasmas). Atomic emissions from the plasmas are recorded using an optical multichannel analyzer after delays of a few microseconds when interference from broadband emissions is reduced. Research has been performed on the detection limits of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, and Zn in soil matrices. Results are reported on the detectability of Cr in sand samples. The LIBS method described is well-suited to monitoring of subsurface soils using this technique installed in a cone penetrometer. Conditions that would be encountered by a cone penetrometer-based LIBS system are simulated by compressing soil samples and then allowing them to relax for specific intervals before LIBS analysis. Results are presented of the dependence of LIBS measurements on the relaxation time after soil sample compression. This data is important to understand how to implement field-deployable LIBS systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages857-859
Number of pages3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
EventProceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4) - Lincoln, NE, USA
Duration: May 28 1996May 31 1996

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4)
CityLincoln, NE, USA
Period5/28/965/31/96

Fingerprint

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
Heavy metals
laser
spectroscopy
heavy metal
Soils
soil
penetrometer
Cones
Plasmas
Lasers
plasma
Electric sparks
Relaxation time
Laser pulses
measurement method
Sand
Monitoring
compression
Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Alexander, D. R., Poulain, D. E., Khlif, M. S., & Cespedes, E. R. (1996). Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. 857-859. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4), Lincoln, NE, USA, .

Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. / Alexander, D. R.; Poulain, D. E.; Khlif, M. S.; Cespedes, E. R.

1996. 857-859 Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4), Lincoln, NE, USA, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Alexander, DR, Poulain, DE, Khlif, MS & Cespedes, ER 1996, 'Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy', Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4), Lincoln, NE, USA, 5/28/96 - 5/31/96 pp. 857-859.
Alexander DR, Poulain DE, Khlif MS, Cespedes ER. Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. 1996. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4), Lincoln, NE, USA, .
Alexander, D. R. ; Poulain, D. E. ; Khlif, M. S. ; Cespedes, E. R. / Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Paper presented at Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4), Lincoln, NE, USA, .3 p.
@conference{42a088843c004a2f9db3beb3d326b58b,
title = "Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy",
abstract = "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a rapid remote measurement method for determination of levels of metals in the environment. A major factor in the acceptance of this technique involves the detection limits under both laboratory and field operations. Research on limits of detection of heavy metals in different types of soils under various conditions using LIBS has been carried out. Pulses from a Nd:YAG laser operating at 150 mJ at λ = 1.06 μm are focused on sample surfaces to produce laser sparks (plasmas). Atomic emissions from the plasmas are recorded using an optical multichannel analyzer after delays of a few microseconds when interference from broadband emissions is reduced. Research has been performed on the detection limits of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, and Zn in soil matrices. Results are reported on the detectability of Cr in sand samples. The LIBS method described is well-suited to monitoring of subsurface soils using this technique installed in a cone penetrometer. Conditions that would be encountered by a cone penetrometer-based LIBS system are simulated by compressing soil samples and then allowing them to relax for specific intervals before LIBS analysis. Results are presented of the dependence of LIBS measurements on the relaxation time after soil sample compression. This data is important to understand how to implement field-deployable LIBS systems.",
author = "Alexander, {D. R.} and Poulain, {D. E.} and Khlif, {M. S.} and Cespedes, {E. R.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "857--859",
note = "Proceedings of the 1996 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'96. Part 1 (of 4) ; Conference date: 28-05-1996 Through 31-05-1996",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Influences on detectability of heavy metals in soils by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

AU - Alexander, D. R.

AU - Poulain, D. E.

AU - Khlif, M. S.

AU - Cespedes, E. R.

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a rapid remote measurement method for determination of levels of metals in the environment. A major factor in the acceptance of this technique involves the detection limits under both laboratory and field operations. Research on limits of detection of heavy metals in different types of soils under various conditions using LIBS has been carried out. Pulses from a Nd:YAG laser operating at 150 mJ at λ = 1.06 μm are focused on sample surfaces to produce laser sparks (plasmas). Atomic emissions from the plasmas are recorded using an optical multichannel analyzer after delays of a few microseconds when interference from broadband emissions is reduced. Research has been performed on the detection limits of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, and Zn in soil matrices. Results are reported on the detectability of Cr in sand samples. The LIBS method described is well-suited to monitoring of subsurface soils using this technique installed in a cone penetrometer. Conditions that would be encountered by a cone penetrometer-based LIBS system are simulated by compressing soil samples and then allowing them to relax for specific intervals before LIBS analysis. Results are presented of the dependence of LIBS measurements on the relaxation time after soil sample compression. This data is important to understand how to implement field-deployable LIBS systems.

AB - Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a rapid remote measurement method for determination of levels of metals in the environment. A major factor in the acceptance of this technique involves the detection limits under both laboratory and field operations. Research on limits of detection of heavy metals in different types of soils under various conditions using LIBS has been carried out. Pulses from a Nd:YAG laser operating at 150 mJ at λ = 1.06 μm are focused on sample surfaces to produce laser sparks (plasmas). Atomic emissions from the plasmas are recorded using an optical multichannel analyzer after delays of a few microseconds when interference from broadband emissions is reduced. Research has been performed on the detection limits of As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, and Zn in soil matrices. Results are reported on the detectability of Cr in sand samples. The LIBS method described is well-suited to monitoring of subsurface soils using this technique installed in a cone penetrometer. Conditions that would be encountered by a cone penetrometer-based LIBS system are simulated by compressing soil samples and then allowing them to relax for specific intervals before LIBS analysis. Results are presented of the dependence of LIBS measurements on the relaxation time after soil sample compression. This data is important to understand how to implement field-deployable LIBS systems.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029709401&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029709401&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:0029709401

SP - 857

EP - 859

ER -