Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India

G. K. Shanmugasundaram, N. Ramamoorti, F. Shoeb, G. Sunderasan, Saraswathi Viswanathan, S. Husain, N. Arumugam, K. Felix, J. Kumaravelu, A. C. Banerjea

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Chemokine receptors or HIV-1 coreceptors are intimately involved in the very early interaction of the host cell with the virus, which leads to the fusion of viral and host cell membrane. Although many coreceptors have been identified, the two most important are CCR5 and CXCR-4. The former receptor is used by the macrophage-tropic isolates during establishment of infection and CXCR-4 using viruses, which are T-lymphocytotropic in nature, are observed during the late stage of infection. Individuals who have a homozygous 32 base pair deletion corresponding to the second extracellular loop of the 7-transmembrane G-coupled protein receptor in CCR5 gene, have been found to resist HIV-1 infection, strongly suggesting that CCR5 is the principal coreceptor involved in transmission. Since chemokines (α & β) can inhibit infection of HIV-1 under in vitro conditions, mutations in the open reading frame of chemokine genes or their promoter regions have become important to study. These chemokines or chemokine receptors are, therefore, promising therapeutic targets for interfering with HIV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Microbiology
Volume40
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000

Fingerprint

HIV-1
India
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Chemokines
Chemokine Receptors
Genes
HIV Infections
Infection
Viruses
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Genetic Promoter Regions
Cell Communication
Base Pairing
Open Reading Frames
Macrophages
Cell Membrane
Mutation
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Chemokine
  • HIV-1
  • HIV-1 coreceptor
  • Host-factors
  • Pathogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

Cite this

Shanmugasundaram, G. K., Ramamoorti, N., Shoeb, F., Sunderasan, G., Viswanathan, S., Husain, S., ... Banerjea, A. C. (2000). Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 40(3), 177-181.

Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India. / Shanmugasundaram, G. K.; Ramamoorti, N.; Shoeb, F.; Sunderasan, G.; Viswanathan, Saraswathi; Husain, S.; Arumugam, N.; Felix, K.; Kumaravelu, J.; Banerjea, A. C.

In: Indian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 40, No. 3, 01.09.2000, p. 177-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Shanmugasundaram, GK, Ramamoorti, N, Shoeb, F, Sunderasan, G, Viswanathan, S, Husain, S, Arumugam, N, Felix, K, Kumaravelu, J & Banerjea, AC 2000, 'Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India', Indian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 177-181.
Shanmugasundaram GK, Ramamoorti N, Shoeb F, Sunderasan G, Viswanathan S, Husain S et al. Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India. Indian Journal of Microbiology. 2000 Sep 1;40(3):177-181.
Shanmugasundaram, G. K. ; Ramamoorti, N. ; Shoeb, F. ; Sunderasan, G. ; Viswanathan, Saraswathi ; Husain, S. ; Arumugam, N. ; Felix, K. ; Kumaravelu, J. ; Banerjea, A. C. / Influence of host factor genes in AIDS-analyses of HIV-1 resistant genes in India. In: Indian Journal of Microbiology. 2000 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 177-181.
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