PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and laboratory features of infectious crystalline keratopathy and endophthalmitis secondary to Mycobacterium abscessus in a patient with Stevens-Johnson syndrome. METHOD: Case report. A 19-year-old man with a history of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and multiple corneal transplants developed white crystalline corneal infiltrates. RESULTS: Anterior chamber aspirate disclosed acid-fast bacilli. A repeat corneal transplant was performed and antibiotic therapy begun. Histopathology showed focal acute inflammation surrounding collections of acid-fast bacilli, which were speciated as M. abscessus. CONCLUSIONS: M. abscessus is a cause of infectious crystalline keratopathy and endophthalmitis. Risk factors include ocular surface disease, corneal transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas