Infection Prevention and Control in the Long-Term-Care Facility

Philip W. Smith, Patricia G. Rusnak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

More than 1.5 million residents reside in US nursing homes. In recent years, the acuity of illness of nursing home residents has increased. Long-term-care facility residents have a risk of developing nosocomial infection that is similar to acute-care hospital patients. A great deal of information has been published concerning infections in the long-term-care facility, and infection control programs are nearly universal. This position paper reviews the literature on infections and infection control programs in the long-term-care facility, covering such topics as tuberculosis, bloodborne pathogens, epidemics, isolation systems, immunization, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Recommendations are developed for long-term-care infection control programs based on interpretation of currently available evidence. The recommendations cover the structure and function of the infection control program, including surveillance, isolation, outbreak control, resident care, and employee health. Infection control resources also are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-849
Number of pages19
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume18
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

Long-Term Care
Infection Control
Nursing Homes
Facility Regulation and Control
Blood-Borne Pathogens
Occupational Health
Cross Infection
Infection
Disease Outbreaks
Immunization
Patient Care
Tuberculosis
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Infection Prevention and Control in the Long-Term-Care Facility. / Smith, Philip W.; Rusnak, Patricia G.

In: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 18, No. 12, 01.12.1997, p. 831-849.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, Philip W. ; Rusnak, Patricia G. / Infection Prevention and Control in the Long-Term-Care Facility. In: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 1997 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 831-849.
@article{9f8473f111ed42e38a3067ca5d1785e3,
title = "Infection Prevention and Control in the Long-Term-Care Facility",
abstract = "More than 1.5 million residents reside in US nursing homes. In recent years, the acuity of illness of nursing home residents has increased. Long-term-care facility residents have a risk of developing nosocomial infection that is similar to acute-care hospital patients. A great deal of information has been published concerning infections in the long-term-care facility, and infection control programs are nearly universal. This position paper reviews the literature on infections and infection control programs in the long-term-care facility, covering such topics as tuberculosis, bloodborne pathogens, epidemics, isolation systems, immunization, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Recommendations are developed for long-term-care infection control programs based on interpretation of currently available evidence. The recommendations cover the structure and function of the infection control program, including surveillance, isolation, outbreak control, resident care, and employee health. Infection control resources also are presented.",
author = "Smith, {Philip W.} and Rusnak, {Patricia G.}",
year = "1997",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "831--849",
journal = "Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology",
issn = "0899-823X",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infection Prevention and Control in the Long-Term-Care Facility

AU - Smith, Philip W.

AU - Rusnak, Patricia G.

PY - 1997/12/1

Y1 - 1997/12/1

N2 - More than 1.5 million residents reside in US nursing homes. In recent years, the acuity of illness of nursing home residents has increased. Long-term-care facility residents have a risk of developing nosocomial infection that is similar to acute-care hospital patients. A great deal of information has been published concerning infections in the long-term-care facility, and infection control programs are nearly universal. This position paper reviews the literature on infections and infection control programs in the long-term-care facility, covering such topics as tuberculosis, bloodborne pathogens, epidemics, isolation systems, immunization, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Recommendations are developed for long-term-care infection control programs based on interpretation of currently available evidence. The recommendations cover the structure and function of the infection control program, including surveillance, isolation, outbreak control, resident care, and employee health. Infection control resources also are presented.

AB - More than 1.5 million residents reside in US nursing homes. In recent years, the acuity of illness of nursing home residents has increased. Long-term-care facility residents have a risk of developing nosocomial infection that is similar to acute-care hospital patients. A great deal of information has been published concerning infections in the long-term-care facility, and infection control programs are nearly universal. This position paper reviews the literature on infections and infection control programs in the long-term-care facility, covering such topics as tuberculosis, bloodborne pathogens, epidemics, isolation systems, immunization, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Recommendations are developed for long-term-care infection control programs based on interpretation of currently available evidence. The recommendations cover the structure and function of the infection control program, including surveillance, isolation, outbreak control, resident care, and employee health. Infection control resources also are presented.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031305636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031305636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9442408

AN - SCOPUS:0031305636

VL - 18

SP - 831

EP - 849

JO - Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology

JF - Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology

SN - 0899-823X

IS - 12

ER -