Induction of hepatic DNA singlestrand breaks in rats by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)

Z. Z. Wahba, T. A. Lawson, S. J. Stohs

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Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces lipid peroxidation in hepatic and extrahepatic tissues. DNA single strand breaks as well as other forms of DNA damage are believed to occur in conjunction with lipid peroxidation. We have therefore examined the effect of TCDD on hepatic DNA single strand breaks. Ten days after the administration of 100 μg TCDD/kg to female rats, a 7.5-fold increase in the DNA elution constant (single strand breaks) occurred. Similar changes were observed in the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in the nuclei as well as the NADPH-dependent production of TBARS. The accumulation of TBARS appeared to precede the accumulation of DNA single strand breaks. The tumor promoting effects of TCDD may be associated with the enhanced formation of DNA single strand breaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Letters
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1988

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Keywords

  • 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
  • Hepatic DNA single strand breaks
  • Lipid peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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